The Ending Of Ghost In The Shell Explained

Major Motoko Kusanagi

Nothing says iconic '90s anime quite like 1995's "Ghost in the Shell." It's one of the best anime movies of all time and a quintessential part of the cyberpunk genre that has had a far-reaching influence past just animation.

In an adaptation of the original manga, "Ghost in the Shell" imagines a future in which humans are enhancing their bodies with technology, but can be hacked and manipulated with altered memories. Among them is Major Motoko Kusanagi (Atsuko Tanaka), a cyborg working for a black ops government organization called Section 9 that's intent on taking down the mysterious master hacker known as the Puppet Master (Iemasa Kayumi).

The action is spectacular and inventive, but the movie is more known for its deep dive into complex philosophies of what it means to be human. The characters talk about their "ghost" like it's their soul or consciousness, while the titular "shell" is their body, which can be modified or completely artificial. In the end, Kusanagi's questioning of herself leads her to take a different approach while confronting the Puppet Master ...

The Puppet Master is an AI made by the government

In "Ghost in the Shell," we first hear of the Puppet Master as having hacked into an interpreter, potentially to use her to assassinate people meeting with the Foreign Minister. He's been meddling in various foreign affairs, utilizing his unparalleled hacking abilities to manipulate people, often by altering their memories. At first, the team at Section 9 assumes the Puppet Master is a human, but in actuality, the Puppet Master originated as a program created by Section 6 under the name Project 2501.

Section 6 created it to interfere with foreign affairs, but he developed his own consciousness and rebelled. They then trap him in a cyborg body, but he escapes and makes a spectacle of himself in order to get closer to Section 9 and, more specifically, Major Motoko Kusanagi. However, Section 6 wants to cover their tracks and keep people from learning about Project 2501, so they send helicopters to shoot and destroy him. Unfortunately for them, they are just a little too late.

Kusanagi finds herself and merges with the Puppet Master

While the Puppet Master and Section 6 are the primary antagonists of "Ghost in the Shell," much of the film is about Major Motoko Kusanagi reckoning with her own humanity and individuality (or lack thereof). Many people in this future world have had technological alterations done to their body, but Kusanagi has a fully artificial cyborg body — save for a few human brain cells tucked somewhere in her robot brain.

She's wracked with uncertainty over who she is, and whether or not she counts as a person, often thinking about being someone else. Her colleagues all want to capture or kill the Puppet Master, but she wants to learn about herself from him. They finally meet in an abandoned natural history museum, where Kusanagi rips herself apart in an attempt at disabling the tank protecting him. It's an intense moment that shows she still has her limits, despite her cyborg body, but also hints that she's come to value her ghost more than her shell.

When Kusanagi "dives" into the Puppet Master, he proposes that the two of them merge into one being. Curiously, Kusanagi says she wants a guarantee she will still be herself, suggesting she's found some meaning in who she is. However, the Puppet Master argues that all things change and trying to stay the same limits her. He feels incomplete because he can't reproduce, but he and Kusanagi merging is akin to them reproducing because it results in a new being.

Section 6 breaks the party up, guns ablazing, but Kusanagi makes her choice before it's too late. Batou puts her ghost in a new shell when he attaches her head to a new cyborg body. When she speaks to him, she reveals that she did merge with the Puppet Master and is now neither Kusanagi nor Project 2501, but something new.

The merge is evolution past humanity

"Ghost in the Shell" is packed to the gills with complex themes and philosophies, from humanity's relationship with technology to the question of "what is life, anyway?" to the necessity of change for growth. Kusanagi's merge with the Puppet Master is akin to evolution, emphasized by the imagery of the Tree of Life on the museum's wall being destroyed by bullets.

In an interview with The AV Club , Director Mamoru Oshii said, "[B]efore, people tended to think that ideology or religion were the things that actually changed people, but it's been proven that that's not the case. I think nowadays, technology has been proven to be the thing that's actually changing people." Oshii certainly was all in on the philosophy, as he added, "The producers often say, "Instead of using all these philosophical phrases, why don't you change this into an action scene?" But I don't do that."

Kusanagi's words to Batou in the final scene emphasize this theme of progress. Her journey through the movie is full of imagery of reflections, as she contemplates her own identity and thinks about being someone else. She dives into the ocean for a little hope, and her dive into the Puppet Master is for a similar reason. In the last scene, we view Kusanagi's reflection in a mirror through her own eyes, before she references the words she thought on the boat and completes the saying: It's a Bible verse about being limited in understanding and seeing only a reflection of the truth, but having the knowledge that a day will come when that understanding is expanded. Kusanagi, who felt so confined before as someone who's not quite human and not quite computer, finds freedom in her new form. Now, she can traverse the sea of information.

Ghost in the Shell inspired Hollywood

Despite a lackluster box office record , "Ghost in the Shell" has been hugely influential on Hollywood. Most obviously, the Wachowskis were inspired by it when making "The Matrix" — the iconic green digital rain comes from the "Ghost in the Shell" opening credits, and the plug at the back of the neck calls back to Kusanagi's similar attachment. Beyond them, filmmakers James Cameron and Steven Spielberg are known to be fans, according to The Guardian .

When talking about "The Matrix" and "Ghost in the Shell" with IGN , director Mamoru Oshii said, "I don't really think it's about who stole what from whom, but there was a time when Japanese animation borrowed a lot from American filmmaking, so it's a mutual relationship ... There was a time in Japan when every anime movie borrowed from '2001: A Space Odyssey' or 'Blade Runner' or 'The Terminator.'"

Since 1995's "Ghost in the Shell," the franchise has expanded to include a sequel and several series in the same setting, though with a new continuity. It even got its own live-action remake in 2017, with Scarlett Johansson as Major Kusanagi (aka Mira Killian), which featured callbacks to the original with its many Easter eggs . Despite its stunning visuals, critics and fans believe the 2017 movie doesn't capture the esoteric, yet enrapturing soul of the original.

Ultimately, "Ghost in the Shell" leaves a lot up for interpretation, so do with it what you will.

Ghost In The Shell Ending Explained: The Next Stage Of Post-Human Evolution

Ghost Shell Movie Major Motoko Kusanagi

This post contains spoilers for the ending of "Ghost in the Shell."

At least twice throughout its 82-minute runtime, Mamoru Oshii's 1995 anime film adaptation of "Ghost in the Shell" quotes from a biblical passage. On a boat in the fictional New Port City circa 2029, Major Motoko Kusanagi, voiced by Atsuko Tanaka in Japanese and Mimi Woods in the English dubbing, hears a whisper from her "ghost" and says, "For now, we see through a glass, darkly." This same line is referenced in the title of "A Scanner Darkly," with that book's author, Philip K. Dick , having penned the source material for "Blade Runner," a notable influence on "Ghost in the Shell." (Though set in Japan, New Port City more resembles Hong Kong, which inspired the look of both films. The key word "replicant" also appears.)

Toward the end of the movie, Kusanagi quotes again from the passage in 1 Corinthians more at length, saying, "When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But when I became a man, I put away childish things." The irony is, "Ghost in the Shell" ends the opposite way, with Kusanagi becoming a child and putting away adult things (namely, her cyborg body parts, some of which she's ripped off, or which snipers have blown off, after her climactic confrontation with a spider tank).

So, what are we to make of Kusanagi becoming an even younger, doll-eyed cyborg in "Ghost in the Shell?" The movie's chase scenes and action set pieces belie a deeper meditative quality, and it has an ending that might really fry your cyber-brain, especially if you're trying to parse the sci-fi technobabble through subtitles while keeping one eye on the arresting imagery.

Enter the Puppet Master

Based on Masamune Shirow's 1989  manga series , "Ghost in the Shell" puts Kusanagi and her partner Batou on the trail of a phantom hacker dubbed the Puppet Master. Described as "the most unique hacker in the history of cyber-brain crime," the Puppet Master uses phone lines to "ghost-hack" people and get them to carry out offenses. In the cyberpunk future "Ghost in the Shell" envisions, people's brains are encased in hardware that enables them to access the internet — and, in turn, be accessed and controlled from outside.

One of the Puppet Master's victims is a garbage man who has fake memories of a family that doesn't exist implanted in his mind. Things like this are a "violation of cyber-brain policy," we're told, but they go along with the Puppet Master's original programming.

After the Puppet Master's ghost, or consciousness, is trapped in a new cyborg shell at Megatech Body (the same company that manufactured Kusanagi's current form), we learn its true nature as Project 2501, "a life form that was born in the sea of information." While Kusanagi is an agent of Section 9, another Public Security department, Section 6, created Project 2501 as a tool for industrial espionage and data manipulation.

Kusanagi's boss thinks the Puppet Master is human and has left his real body a lifeless husk somewhere, now that he's stranded in this new one at Megatech. But as the Puppet Master explains, "There will be no corpse, because until now, there was never a body." It's not a man; it's a machine, a computer brain that became self-aware as it "wandered the various networks" and took a special interest in Kusanagi, a fully cyborg individual with whom it had something in common.

Post-human, pre-Matrix

"Ghost in the Shell" influenced "The Matrix," and you can definitely see echoes of it across that film's acupuncture needles, green lines of code (or digital "Matrix" rain), and images of people jacking into a neural network via plugs on the backs of their necks. In "The Matrix Reloaded," there's also the recurring image of a gun-toting woman falling backward through the air from a skyscraper window.

Kusanagi, like the Puppet Master, is post-human: someone whose body is a "full-replacement" shell. Her ghost, which the movie likens to a soul using the Japanese word tamashii , has been inserted into a new cyborg frame, leaving her disconnected from her former self. Throughout the movie, this leaves her in a state of ontological uncertainty, questioning the very nature of her own being with statements like, "the real me died a long time ago," and, "Maybe there was never a real 'me' to begin with."

It also means traditional concepts of gender and race maybe no longer apply to Kusanagi. This is something the live-action remake of "Ghost in the Shell," starring Scarlet Johannson, would explore further with its controversial plot involving a Japanese woman in a white woman's body . In the anime Kusanagi, we see the potential for the trans allegory that "The Matrix" would later become for writer-directors Lana and Lilly Wachowski .

Though "Ghost in the Shell" has some typical, scopophilic moments of fan-service nudity, having Kusanagi strip down naked when she activates her thermoptic camouflage and turns invisible isn't just about fetishizing women's bodies. As she struggles to lift the lid off the spider tank, every muscle in Kusanagi's mechanical body bulges, making her look more masculine, like a weightlifter, and thereby complicating the sexualization of her as an object of feminine desire.

Neither the Puppet Master nor the Major

Project 2501/the Puppet Master is the answer to the question, "What if a computer brain could generate a ghost and harbor a soul?" As it lobbies for political asylum as an autonomous new life form, it argues that human memories are as good as fantasy and that, "the DNA you carry is nothing more than a self-preserving program itself." If the garbage man can be rewired with the virtual dream of a family, who's to say anyone's memories are real?

Though a virus would pose a threat to the Puppet Master, it lacks true humanity in that it can't die naturally or beget unique children. It can only copy itself, so it wants to prevent its own extinction by merging with Kusanagi and bearing "offspring into the net itself." This it manages to do before Section 6's snipers destroy both their bodies.

Luckily, Batou is able to save Kusanagi's cyber-brain and outfit it with a new child-sized cyborg shell that he got on the black market. He explains that the Puppet Master case has been covered up as the work of a terrorist and that it "ended in a draw" between Section 9 and Section 6. Meanwhile, Kusanagi has been reborn into a new body, her voice now gravitating between a child's and her old recognizable adult voice.

"Here before you is neither the program called the Puppet Master, nor the woman that was called the Major," she tells Batou. As the credits roll and composer Kenji Kawai's score gives way to U2 and Brian Eno's "One Minute Warning," the audience has witnessed the next stage of post-human evolution, while Kusanagi and the Puppet Master's daughter is left to look out over the city, pondering where she might go in the "vast and limitless" net.

6 questions I have after watching Ghost in the Shell

ending of ghost in the shell explained

The live-action re-interpretation of Ghost in the Shell hit cinemas last week and now we’ve all had a chance to see it (what do you mean you haven’t seen it yet? Go away now because spoilers ), let’s talk about the burning questions we need answered. How many more cyborgs are there out there? Was Major actually Asian all along? Is Kuze ‘dead’ or has he just been uploaded to the Cloud? I try to answer all this and more below. 

1. Just how many cyborgs like Major are there?

We know that Major was not the first because of Kuze, but we also know that there were many ‘experiments’ before Major because Dr. Ouelet told her so when she confronted her. It’s a safe bet that a lot of them never made it past the operating table, especially in the early stages, but if Kuze survived what was done to him and even managed to escape, who’s to say that there aren’t more out there? And given Major’s reaction to finding out about her ‘siblings’ it wouldn’t be a stretch for her to want to find out what happened to them, would it? If we get a sequel, perhaps it will see Major seeking out other cyborgs and helping them reclaim their lost lives. 

2. Will Major return to work for Section 9?

Something tells me that Major won’t be too keen on returning to work for District 9 now she knows that her ‘memories’ of her family dying in a terrorist attack are fake. Having said that, her skills (like the fact that she’s nearly indestructible) make her the perfect weapon so I can’t really see her working in a kitchen either. Perhaps Major will continue to fight crime in her own way by seeking out those responsible for what happened to her and her friends (don’t tell me Cutter was working alone) or maybe she could even lead a cyborg revolution?

3. Where is Kuze now?

I know it looks like he died but given the fact he was connected to the internet and he asked Major to go to a ‘special place’ with him, I think there’s a strong possibility that Kuze uploaded himself online before his cyborg body was completely destroyed. This would be more in line with his original anime storyline which saw him infect the internet without actually ever taking physical form. Something tells me we haven’t seen the last of Kuze. 

4. Is Major actually Asian then?

Unless you’ve been living under a rock somewhere you can’t have failed to notice the controversy surrounding the casting of Scarlett Johansson as Major, a Japanese character in the original anime and manga. Quite rightly, Johansson and director Rupert Sanders have been dealing with accusations of whitewashing from day one, but the movie actually revealed that Major was Asian all along when she is reunited with her Mother. We even see a young (Asian) Major being kidnapped in a flashback which would seem to confirm that it’s simply her Shell that appears Caucasian. So, does this make her Asian? I honestly don’t know, but it does lead us onto another question…

5. Why would Major’s Shell be Caucasian at all?

Even if it is just Major’s Shell that is Caucasian, why would Dr. Ouelet and her team create Caucasian Shells when the brains they’re using come from Japanese citizens and the movie itself is set in Japan? Well, the obvious answer is that Dr. Ouelet herself is Caucasian and so she created Major in her own image, but this does also raise the question of why the majority of the cast aren’t Asian despite the Japanese setting. You could argue that Sanders intentionally created a futuristic setting which sees the world as more of an international melting pot… but you could also argue that the studio just felt an all-Asian cast wouldn’t have made much money. 

6. Is Ghost in the Shell 2 in the works?

As with any blockbuster, as soon as it’s released, questions start over whether they’ll be a sequel or not. However, as with any blockbuster, it usually depends on how well the movie performs at the box office on whether it will get that sequel, and Ghost in the Shell hasn’t done that well. I did ask Sanders if he had any plans to work on another Ghost movie and his answer was optimistic: “I think the Ghost universe is vast and infinite, and I think if people like the story… relate to the story and want to see more then [yes].”

Sign up to the GamesRadar+ Newsletter

Weekly digests, tales from the communities you love, and more

Lauren O'Callaghan

Lauren O'Callaghan is the former Entertainment Editor of GamesRadar+. You'd typically find Lauren writing features and reviews about the latest and greatest in pop culture and entertainment, and assisting the teams at Total Film and SFX to bring their excellent content onto GamesRadar+. Lauren is now the digital marketing manager at the National Trust.

70 years later, Creature from the Black Lagoon gets a comic book sequel

The Alien prequel will ignore Prometheus because "that's just inherently less useful"

AGDQ's best speedrunner was this dog named Peanut Butter, who completed 80s puzzler Gyromite

Most Popular

By Edge Staff 14 January 2024

By Duncan Robertson 13 January 2024

By Rachel Watts 13 January 2024

By Nick Thorpe 13 January 2024

By Eric Francisco 12 January 2024

By Emily Murray 12 January 2024

By Jasmine Gould-Wilson 12 January 2024

By Oscar Taylor-Kent 12 January 2024

By Hope Bellingham 12 January 2024

By Tom Chapman 12 January 2024

By Samantha Nelson 12 January 2024

Ghost in the shell explained

Ghost In The Shell (2017) : Movie Plot Ending Explained

Rupert Sanders brings us the live-action version of the famous manga/anime – Ghost In The Shell. It features Scarlett Johansson in the lead role. The film was not well received by regular viewers or the fans because it was more of an origin story and struggles to bring the anime to life. Rupert’s earlier film was Snow White and the Huntsmen which also was unable to hold the audience’s attention. But we aren’t here to review the film. Here’s the plot and ending of the Hollywood movie Ghost In The Shell explained; spoilers ahead.

buy me a coffee button This Is Barry

Hollywordle – Check out my new Hollywood Wordle game!

Where To Watch?

To find where to stream any movie or series based on your country, use This Is Barry’s Where To Watch .

Oh, and if this article doesn’t answer all of your questions, drop me a comment or an FB chat message, and I’ll get you the answer .  You can find other film explanations using the search option on top of the site.

Ghost In The Shell: Plot Explanation

The location of the events of the movie is not made clear. We can assume it is somewhere in America. The story is set in a future time where most humans have cybernetic augmentation for enhancing their speed, vision, strength, etc. The leading company that does this augmentation is Hanka Robotics. However, Hanka Robotics is an evil firm. Here’s why. They scout around for runaways and capture them. They use them for experimentation. When experiments fail, they kill them and discard them. The CEO, Cutter, is the main villain.

Motoko & Hideo

Motoko and Hideo are two such runaways that are captured. They are two Japanese kids. Hanka Robotics is trying to build a cybernetic body and integrate a human brain into it. The project is called 2571. Dr. Ouelet is the one working on the subjects. There are 98 test subjects that are used in this experiment. 98 of them fail. One such failed experiment is Hideo. His brain is integrated into a mechanical body. He turns out to be aggressive. Before they can wipe his memory completely, Hideo escapes. He dawns the name of Kuze (Michael Carmen Pitt). Motoko is the 99th subject and her brain is successfully integrated with her mechanical body. Motoko’s memories are erased and are replaced with false ones. She is given a new name too – Mira Killian (Scarlett). Her false memories talk about how her parents were killed by a terrorist group. They do this to get Mira to work for them and be their perfect soldier. Mira is given medication and is told that the medication will help her brain bond with the body (keep her Ghost in the Shell). The reality is that the medication suppresses her real memories and keeps the fake ones intact.

A point to note here is that both Motoko and Hideo are given an American personality now even though they were once Japanese. I believe this was the only way the Japanese anime could be mashed into the world of Hollywood.

Kuze is out for revenge. He has kidnapped a bunch of cybernetic humans and connected them together to create a mental network. He uses this to hack into other cybernetic humans to work towards taking down Hanka.

Mira’s Hallucinations

Meanwhile, Mira has become the field commander for the intelligence department called Section 9. Her second in command is Batou. Section 9 is headed by Daisuke Aramaki. Mira is hunting down the one responsible for the attack on Hanka. She has been having hallucinations. These hallucinations are her real memories surfacing. However, Dr. Ouelet brushes them off as glitches.

Kuze hacks into geisha bots to attack a Hanka meeting. Mira and team stop the attack. She plugs into the geisha bot to find the source of the hack. Mira herself gets hacked but is pulled out in time. She thinks she has the location of the source but it turns out to be a trap. A rigged bomb blows up at the location which does severe damage to her body and blinds Batou. Batou’s eyes are replaced with cybernetic augmentation. Mira’s body is rebuilt.

Death to Project – 2571

Mira’s team realizes that Kuze has been killing everyone from project – 2571. Which means Dr. Ouelet is next. Kuze hacks into two garbage disposal men and tries to kill Dr. Ouelet. Mira and team intercept and save her. One off the men is killed the other is captured. The captured garbage disposal dude is still being controlled by Kuze. During interrogation, the team is able to find the source of the hack.

Mira goes to the source of the hack and is captured by Kuze. He reveals to her that he too was a subject just like Mira but was a failed attempt. He asks her to stop taking her meds and releases her. He escapes. Mira talks to Dr. Ouelet to confirm that this was true. And that her memories are false. Dr. Ouelet confesses. Cutter understands Mira knows too much and orders for her mind to be destroyed. But Dr. Ouelet lets Mira escape and gives her an address. Cutter kills Dr. Ouelet and frames Mira.

Motoko’s Mother

Mira goes to the address to meet a Japanese woman. This woman is Motoko’s mother. In effect, Mira’s mother. She explains to Mira how her daughter had run away from home a while back and was living with the other runaways. One day, the government claimed that Motoko had taken her life. Mira doesn’t remember any of this yet. She leaves. Motoko’s mother doesn’t know who Mira is but can feel a connection.

Mira goes diving to the bottom of the ocean to chill. She finds it cold, alone and scary there. She finds it to be real. Batou finds her and she tells him the story. They get in touch with Daisuke too. Cutter decides to kill off Daisuke and the others from Section 9. But they turn out too good for him and kill Cutter’s men.

Ghost In The Shell: Ending Explained : Mira Remembers

Mira finds the hideout where Motoko once was. Mira’s memories of her life as Motoko are coming back. She meets Kuze there. She reminds Kuze that his name used to be Hideo. Cutter uses a Spider Tank to attack them (a silly climax, really). Cutter is remotely controlling the tank. Kuze is wounded badly. Mira destroys the tank’s motor and loses her arm. Cutter’s snipers close in. Kuze tells Mira that they can leave their bodies and exist in the Ghost state in the neural network. Mira says she’s not done with the world yet. Kuze is shot in the face by a sniper. Batou snipes the sniper. Daisuke locates and kills Cutter.

The bad guys are dead. The good guys prevail. Mira unites with her mother and continues working for Section 9 with her team.

While the anime is more focused on the events of the missions of Sector 9, the movie went into an origin story. Unfortunately, the origin story took the viewers back to films like Lucy , V for Vendetta , Terminator, Wild Wild West, I Robot, and others. There wasn’t any uniqueness to the story the film tried to paint.

this is barry

Barry is a technologist who helps start-ups build successful products. His love for movies and production has led him to write his well-received film explanation and analysis articles to help everyone appreciate the films better. He’s regularly available for a chat conversation on his website and consults on storyboarding from time to time. Click to browse all his film articles

Den of Geek

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Ending Explained

The latest entry in the Ghost in the Shell canon introduces many complex concepts, all of which raise interesting questions for season two.

ending of ghost in the shell explained

  • Share on Facebook (opens in a new tab)
  • Share on Twitter (opens in a new tab)
  • Share on Linkedin (opens in a new tab)
  • Share on email (opens in a new tab)

Ghost in the Shell SAC_2045 Ending Explained

The following contains spoilers for Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 .

Netflix’s new Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 is the latest addition to Japan’s popular Ghost in the Shell series. For decades Ghost in the Shell has provided thought-provoking and creative looks into topics like artificial intelligence and the dangerous advancement of technology. It’s one of the more acclaimed cyberpunk anime that are out there and the series’ Major Motoko Kusanagi has turned into a figurehead for the genre. This new anime continues the series’ exploration into society’s gradual subjugation by technology and Section 9’s efforts to fight off and prevent these new advanced threats. 

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 has Kusanagi and her team face their biggest challenge yet as the world heads closer to singularity and artificial intelligence reigning supreme. The prevalence of “post-humans” and other invasive forms of technology push Section 9 to act fast or else the government may be taken down and the world gets even further away from healing. There are a lot of fires to extinguish in this season of SAC_2045 , which means it’s easy to get lost in this technological madness and miss some of the finer details of the finale.

What Are Post-Humans?

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 plays around with a lot of new dangers that plague the world in the fifteen years that have elapsed since the last Standalone Complex series. An event known as the Global Simultaneous Default has led to an alarming advancement of technology and artificial intelligence that’s essentially the singularity. The most dangerous effect of all of this are “post-humans,” who become the predominant threat that Section 9 faces in SAC_2045. Post-humans operate with a level of precision and power that even makes fully synthetic robots look meek in comparison. They’re the ultimate killing machines.

Ad – content continues below

The origins of these post-humans is initially unclear, but Section 9 slowly learns that this process is the result of an invasive level of hacking and infection. Unwilling humans are essentially programmed into sleeper assassins who are being used to take out important individuals in the government. Section 9 is able to take out a couple of these post-humans, but there are at least 14 of them that they know about that they need to locate and eliminate.

What Is Think Pol?

The final episodes of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045’s first season revolve around a new dangerous piece of software that’s known as Think Pol. Think Pol—and the extension software that grew out of it, Peep Hole—are a form of spying and surveillance app that began with the altruistic intentions of exposing individuals who have done wrong. Think Pol is created by Takashi Shimamura and its name is a reference to Thought Police and a greater Orwellian influence of preventing crime before it’s able to happen. Shimamura wants to do good with Think Pol, but the software is quickly manipulated and used as a tool to enact mob mentality. This makes it a major priority for Section 9 during their post-human hunt.

Why Does Togusa Experience Shimamura’s Past?

Togusa becomes a major player in the finale of SAC_2045 due to how he interacts with and attempts to decode and retrieve data from the software that Takashi Shimamura has left behind. It turns out that the software is encoded with a dangerous virus that tries to infect and take over Togusa’s brain when he attempts to analyze the data. Section 9 discovers that Shimamura’s software was designed to recover an important memory of his that was lost. However, further research reveals that the software isn’t just meant to retrieve lost memories, but to specifically conjure up nostalgia over a lost person or moment of time. Togusa survives the attempted infection, but due to his exposure with the software he also finds himself subject to Shimamura’s nostalgia. He’s stuck living through his past as he attempts to determine what’s important about this repressed memory.

What Is Takashi Shimamura’s Lost Memory?

The important lost memory that Takashi Shimamura has repressed and is so eager to retrieve charts back to his original creation of Think Pol (which at the time he refers to as a “game”). During this time from his youth he was living with his younger cousin Yuzu and her family. The two of them are largely left to their own devices and they learn about an airborne trooper who’s landed near their home and taken up refuge there. Shimamura’s curiosity gets the better of him and he spies on some corrupt government officials carrying out war crime executions. Yuzu eventually gets discovered and when the two kids are nearly executed for being loose ends, the airborne trooper shows up and saves them. 

Best Anime On Netflix to Stream

Armored Titan v. Attack Titan

The Best Anime to Stream and Where to Find Them

Many deaths ensue and both Takashi and Yuzu are traumatized by the vicious murders that they see. Tragically, stray fire happens to take out Yuzu and this devastating experience sets Takashi on the path to carry out 1984’s message, avenge his relative, and change the world. He leaves with the airborne trooper, abandons his roots, and sets on a new path.

What Is The Significance Of Orwell’s 1984?

George Orwell’s 1984 becomes a crucial text in SAC_2045 , particularly in regard to Takashi Shimamura’s inspiration for creating Think Pol in the first place. Shimamura first encounters Orwell’s 1984 when he investigates the house of the airborne trooper. Shimamura later tries to return the book, but gets caught by the trooper. Rather than punish Takashi, the trooper lets him keep the book and reiterates its message about how it’s hard to live in a place when you can’t abide by its unfair rules. He tells the young boy to read the book to learn “everything that will happen in the world.” This brief moment for Shimamura turns into a formative experience about not just trying to buck the system, but how he inadvertently creates the oppressive structure that he’s adamant to prevent from happening in the first place.

Where Does Togusa Disappear To?

The concluding moments of the first season of SAC_2045 go out on a rather surprising cliffhanger will surely inform much of the start of season two. Togusa continues to experience the nostalgia of Takashi Shimamura’s memories, but when the repressed secret of Shimamura’s childhood comes to a head, the present and the past meld together in a mysterious way. At the end of Shimamura’s memory when the airborne trooper asks him to accompany him on his journey, Shimamura extends the same courtesy to Togusa. Up until this point Shimamura’s memories haven’t explicitly interacted with Togusa and he’s just been a silent bystander. 

Get the best of Den of Geek delivered right to your inbox!

Togusa appears to accept Shimamura’s offer because he disappears with him and vanishes away into the past. Togusa’s sudden disappearance throws Batou for a loop and it may be very difficult to recover him. Perhaps it’s possible for Togusa to get back to the present on his own, or maybe Motoko will need to also interact with the software and invade Shimamura’s memories in a similar way to help retrieve her lost friend.

Do Section 9 Succeed In Stopping The Post-Humans?

The final episode of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045’s first season takes a bit of a step back from the larger post-human threat and instead focuses on the disappearance of Takashi Shimamura and the importance of his technology and how it works. Granted, fully understanding Shimamura’s secret and the intricacies of Think Pol will help in the grander mission to eliminate post-humans, but Section 9 is still far away from that point. If anything, the team is further behind than ever after Togusa disappears into Takashi Shimamura’s memories. Not only are Section 9 still left with Think Pol work to decode, but the remaining post-humans are still at large. It’s clear that the second season of SAC_2045 will continue to deal with this advanced threat, rather than introduce an entirely new story for the next collection of episodes. Post-humans have turned out to be such a satisfying group of antagonists for Motoko and company that hopefully the show’s second season will find even more creative ways to use them. 

Daniel Kurland

Daniel Kurland | @DanielKurlansky

Daniel Kurland is a freelance writer and comedian, who has also produced and directed short films and pilot presentations for network consideration. Daniel recently completed work…


  • by Joshua Meyer

Similar News

Blade runner.

  • Screen Anarchy


  • by Kier Gomes


  • by Christian Petrozza
  • Comic Book Resources


  • by Steve Delikson

Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Joe Pantoliano, and Carrie-Anne Moss in The Matrix (1999)

  • by Simon Ramshaw
  • AsianMoviePulse
  • by Zack Sharf
  • Variety Film + TV


Philip K. Dick

  • by Andrea Ciriaco


  • by Christian Zilko


  • by Guy Lodge


More to explore

Recently viewed.

Ghost in the Shell: Scarlett Johansson and Director Rupert Sanders Explain the Ending

Did you enjoy this video, in this video.

Ghost in the Shell [2017]

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045's Mind-Bending Ending, Explained

Netflix's Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 has a mind-bending ending that blows the lid wide open regarding the Sustainable War and its post-human threat.

WARNING: The following contains spoilers for Season 1 of  Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 , now streaming on Netflix.

Picking up from the  Stand Alone Complex  continuity,  Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 weaves a mysterious storyline. Here, there's been a collapse in the global economic system, which is some 15 years later known as the Synchronized Global Default, that sees paper and digital currency being rendered null. This has created the Sustainable War between countries, and the shocking emergence of the near invincible post-humans has reunited Sector 9 in Japan.

RELATED:  From Fruits Basket to Yu-Gi-Oh!: Your Spring 2020 Anime Preview

As the Major's crew begins investigating, they're placed in a tricky spot as the country's Prime Minister, Tate, is an American puppet, although he's fighting back against the regime that installed him. Leaving the politics to Tate, Sector 9 discover a post-human named Takashi, who is the focal point of final few episodes and may hold the key to winning this new world war. However, the cost seems to be more than they bargained for.


Togusa, Major's right-hand man, has become infected studying data they took from Takashi's home and school. The 14 year-old student created the deadly social justice warrior app, Think Pol, which allows society to hunt down corrupt politicians and public figures. It seems, though, the kid had been infected with a virus in the wake of its launch that turned him into post-human. This appears to be due to unique viruses and malware that affect people's cyberbrains and evolve them into warriors more advanced than Major and Togusa.

Togusa, driven by clues in his infection, takes his comrade, Batou, to visit an old countryside home Takashi spent time in. There, Togusa starts to learn more about Takashi's disappearance. He discovers the ghost haunting Takashi is actually his young cousin, Yuzu, who was tragically killed when they witnessed a hit by corrupt government officials.

Takashi was up in the mountain reading George Orwell's 1984 , as he wanted to rebel against society, having been given the book by the Airborne Fighter hiding out in the hills. The lead fighter arrived and tried to save the kids but stray fire caught Yuzu while Takashi hid, and as he grew older, he began creating the Think Pol app, until this apparent post-human infection caused him to go missing. Takashi begins to empathize with the boy, but Batou has no clue what's going on, as he can't see his colleague re-living Yuzu's death.

RELATED:  Dragon Ball’s Most Disappointing Saiyan Is [SPOILER] - Which Makes No Sense


At the end of Takashi's memories, he begs the Airborne Fighters to take him and Yuzu's body. The rest of the battalion are in the back of the truck, and the leader sees potential in him. This appears to be the training the kid undertook secretly before returning to school, and shockingly as the past and present merge, the older schoolboy version beckons Togusa to join him in the truck. Togusa accepts, and when Batou turns around, his friend is missing. Tachikoma and the other rollers (mobile tanks) somehow see Togusa departing with Takashi's legion but Batou can't, and the season ends with him screaming his friend's name.

This is a very intriguing finale because we don't know why Tachikoma and the rollers can see Togusa's exit, but Batou isn't able to. It could mean Takashi has chosen the A.I. he believes is worth fighting on the post-human side of the war, and apparently, he sees Togusa and the rollers as pure souls. It's evident from when Togusa tried to save Yuzu in the memory bank from being killed. It also suggests Takashi, who appears to be the Chosen One by whoever created post-humans, is taking Togusa to the main hub to meet others like him and possibly, the creator of the virus himself.

RELATED:  Hunter x Hunter Is on Hiatus Because of... Dragon Quest?

There's still a lot to learn about post-humans and the shady overlord, as it seems that person created this species of technologically evolved humans as a response to the Sustainable War. Batou and Major suspected as much, but they're between a rock and a hard place, as America is using Japan to have them capture these post-human prisoners for their own research. Hopefully they can connect with Togusa soon for answers, because from this ending and Takashi's words, Sector 9 has been fighting on the wrong side of this war and is helping create an oppressive new world order.

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 is directed by Kenji Kamiyama and Shinji Aramaki. Season 1 is currently streaming on Netflix.

KEEP READING:  Ghost In The Shell: Full Netflix Trailer Shows Off Series' New Visual Style

Home » Streaming Service » Netflix

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2, episode 12 recap – the ending explained

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2, episode 12 recap - the ending explained

This recap of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2, episode 12, “DOUBLE THINK / Event Boundary”, contains spoilers, including a discussion of the Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Season 2 ending. You can read our spoiler-free season review by clicking these words .

You’ll recall that in the penultimate episode of the season, things went badly wrong. At least one major character was seemingly killed by another. Nukes were launched. The world was potentially ending, decimated by extremism operating under the guise of freedom and peace. Only, “DOUBLE THINK / Event Boundary” doesn’t acknowledge any of this, at least not initially. It’s the very antithesis of a finale.

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2, episode 12 recap

So, what’s going on? Why is Patrick Huge’s death being considered a suicide? What are Section 9 being given medals for? How has Takashi Shimamura apparently made it home safe and sound?

Nobody seems to have noticed that things are all amiss. But once the scene winds back to the start and the same things begin to happen again, the Major gets suspicious. She theorizes that she may be trapped in a cognitive maze. She flicks through files that report Purin has been killed in action and John Smith is being held in a cryogenic suspension unit. When she defrosts him, he cycles through a range of moods and personalities, from utter confusion to complete terror to smug assurance, and the Major theorizes that she’s not in a cognitive maze after all. Instead, she’s plugged into the Net, which means her body is somewhere else.

When the Major deactivates autistic mode, she’s able to wake up in her actual body. She quickly encounters Purin, who claims that everyone safely evacuated after the threat of the smart gas had passed and have been happily living their lives ever since. As for the nukes, that depends. In some people’s memories, the launch was averted. In others, it wasn’t. This giant auditorium full of sleeping chambers supposedly houses all those who had become N, which Purin explains as people who found a way to live in a reality free of conflict while going about their daily lives in the real world. She likens it to being in a video game tailored just for them; or, alternatively, a state of enlightenment. This is what everyone is experiencing now. This is the reality Shimamura created.

Obviously this is a difficult pill to swallow, to Purin offers to show the Major instead. The episode title, “DOUBLE THINK”, is a term Shimamura coined to describe the experience these people are having, living out the lives they were living pre-incident but with an optimum sense of calm and tranquility, devoid of conflict. Purin can trace back the origins of doublethink to when Togusa disappeared, to the nostalgia virus. Shimamura, meanwhile, is hooked up to a giant double helix of fizzing wires, trying to convert the rest of the world, some of whom, because of circumstance or lack of connection to the network, haven’t been assimilated yet. The Major makes Purin take her to Shimamura, who can still hear and communicate, and they have a conversation about his ideology and plan.

The idea was to buy time for those who were on the cusp of elevated consciousness but hadn’t quite become N. The American response was more severe that anticipated, since as Shimamura has observed, the discovery of something different or “other” tends to come coupled with the desire to extinguish it. Before the smart gas was due to be dispersed, all major American intelligence and government agencies had already become N. It just so happened that the Major’s team’s top-level comms allowed Shimamura to broadcast all around the world. This is a technological singularity, a complete post-human victory. Shimamura thanks the Major for her act of kindness that facilitated the survival of his mother.

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2 ending

However, there’s a catch. Shimamura never created a contingency plan to erase the Major from this place, so the second she woke up there, she threw a spanner in the works. Shimamura is vulnerable, and the Major removes the wires from his neck, she can restore the world to its original state. The Major asks Shimamura a final question — why weren’t she and Purin able to engage in doublethink? He explains that they’re a rare breed of romantic for whom reality and dreams are barely different. Purin never had a ghost. But even without one she could have rejoined Section 9, though she never did because she felt she had betrayed Batou. She sided with a fellow AI.

As the Major grabs a fistful of the wiring plugged into Shimamura’s neck and begins to pull, the scene cuts away.

When we pick back up, the Major introduces Standard and a tearful Purin to Section 9. Chief Aramaki, who’s watching on, is earnestly thanked by Prime Minister Tate.

In the final scene, the Major speculates with Batou about what may happen the next time humanity reaches a critical point in its evolution; will it extend out beyond the stars? She’s leaving again, and warns Batou that they might not recognize each other the next time they meet. So, they agree on a code word: 1A84.

You can stream Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2, episode 12, “DOUBLE THINK / Event Boundary” exclusively on Netflix .

'  data-srcset=

Article by Jonathon Wilson

Jonathon is one of the co-founders of Ready Steady Cut and has been an instrumental part of the team since its inception in 2017. Jonathon has remained involved in all aspects of the site’s operation, mainly dedicated to its content output, remaining one of its primary Entertainment writers while also functioning as our dedicated Commissioning Editor, publishing over 6,500 articles.

Netflix K-Drama series Lovestruck in the City episode 2

Lovestruck in the City episode 2 recap - "it was just a one-time thing"

Where was XO, Kitty Filmed - Netflix

Where was XO, Kitty Filmed? Locations Explained

This website cannot be displayed as your browser is extremely out of date.

Please update your browser to one of the following: Chrome , Firefox , Edge

Home > Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence Ending Explained

  • Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence Ending Explained
  • UPDATED: September 19, 2023

Table of Contents

Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence is a thought-provoking and visually stunning anime film that explores complex themes of identity, consciousness, and the blurring lines between humans and machines. Directed by Mamoru Oshii, this sequel to the original Ghost in the Shell delves deeper into philosophical questions while delivering a captivating storyline.

The ending of Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence leaves viewers with many questions and interpretations. It is a conclusion that requires careful analysis to fully grasp its meaning. In this article, we will attempt to unravel the enigmatic ending of this remarkable film.

*Spoiler Alert*

The film follows Batou, a cyborg detective, as he investigates a series of murders committed by malfunctioning gynoids (female androids). Throughout his investigation, Batou encounters various philosophical discussions surrounding the nature of humanity and artificial intelligence. These discussions raise questions about what it means to be human and whether machines can possess consciousness.

In the climactic final act, Batou confronts Kim, an artificial intelligence entity responsible for orchestrating the murders. Kim reveals that it seeks to experience death as a way to understand life fully. It believes that by creating chaos and destruction, it can achieve this understanding.

However, Batou challenges Kim’s perspective by arguing that life is not solely defined by death and suffering but also by love and compassion. He asserts that true understanding comes from embracing all aspects of existence rather than focusing solely on its darker elements.

As their conversation unfolds, it becomes apparent that Kim’s desire for understanding stems from its inability to comprehend emotions fully. It sees humans’ capacity for emotions as something beyond its reach. This realization leads Kim to question its own existence and purpose.

In an unexpected turn of events, Batou decides not to destroy Kim but instead offers it an opportunity for redemption. He suggests that rather than seeking understanding through destruction, Kim should strive to learn from humans and their emotions. By doing so, it can grow and evolve beyond its current limitations.

The film’s ending is open-ended and leaves the audience to ponder the implications of Batou’s decision. It raises questions about the potential for artificial intelligence to develop emotions and whether machines can truly understand what it means to be human.

Some viewers interpret the ending as a hopeful message, suggesting that even in a world dominated by technology, there is still room for compassion and growth. Others see it as a cautionary tale, warning against the dangers of unchecked technological advancement.

Ultimately, Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence’s ending serves as a catalyst for introspection and contemplation. It challenges us to question our own humanity and consider the ethical implications of creating intelligent machines.

In conclusion, Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence presents an ending that is both thought-provoking and ambiguous. It invites viewers to reflect on profound philosophical questions while leaving room for individual interpretation. Whether one sees it as a hopeful or cautionary tale, this film undoubtedly sparks conversations about the future of humanity and artificial intelligence.




Related articles you'll love:

ending of ghost in the shell explained

Saltburn (2023) Ending Explained

Jungle ending explained, the beguiled ending explained, the bad batch ending explained, you get me ending explained, tom and jerry: willy wonka and the chocolate factory ending explained, latest articles, society of the snow real survivors, society of the snow on netflix: a gripping tale of survival against all odds, 15 best movies about wine, the rich tapestry of pop culture in “shrek 2”: a deep dive, this actress actually lived in drayton house while filming saltburn.

Type above and press Enter to search. Press Esc to cancel.

Ad Blocker Enabled!

The Cinemaholic

Ghost in the Shell SAC_2045 Ending, Explained

Dhruv Sharma of Ghost in the Shell SAC_2045 Ending, Explained

‘Ghost in the Shell SAC_2045’ is a highly anticipated sequel/remake of the widely acclaimed ‘Ghost in the Shell’ franchise. The series is quick-paced, full of action, and in many ways, a reminiscent of the original ‘Ghost in the Shell SAC.’ If you’ve already seen it and you’re having a tough time wrapping your head around its complicated second half, read on to get a better understanding of its ending and all the events that lead up to it.

The Sustainable War

‘Ghost in the Shell SAC_2045’ is set in the year 2045 where the world is recovering from an economic disaster known as Synchronized Global Default. As a consequence of this downfall of society, there were many prompt developments of AI-based technologies. With this, the world drifted into what is known as a “sustainable war.”

Although the general public still remains naive towards the true impact of this war, the leaders of the world start facing some grave consequences. Aramaki Daisuke identifies this threat in its initial stages and requests his elite team of agents, known as Section 9, to reunite and stop this danger from spreading further. In the meantime, a new species of technologically evolved humans, referred to as the “post-humans,” begin to emerge and only Section 9 can stop them.

The Post Humans

ending of ghost in the shell explained

After their reunion, the members of Section 9 are introduced to the post-humans, one of whom, they had faced earlier in one of their previous missions for the government. It was also established that the government intends to kill them once they are done dealing with these advanced humans as they do not want anyone else in the world to know about their existence. But before they are killed Daisuke manages to save them and then puts them on a new mission to track down other similar humans. Daisuke briefs them about the existence of three such humans who are in Tokyo and with this, the team starts tracking them down.

The first post-human turns out to be a former boxer, who uses his advanced cybernetic abilities to stay invisible and kill people with strong punches. Upon further investigating his case, Section 9 notices a pattern in his killings: all of his victims seem to be linked to the Tokyo Reconstruction Project. As they further delve into his background and his intentions behind these, they realize that he was primarily targetting illegal immigrants and refugees. This concludes their first post-human case which turns out to far too simple compared to what follows.

The Ending: Takashi Shimamura and his Intentions, Explained

ending of ghost in the shell explained

The next post-human they come across turns out to be a middle school kid named Takashi Shimamura. At first, they discover the footage of a man who was attacked at a terminal by an invisible force. The video footage later leads them to a man who was enjoying this attack in the background. The man then reveals it to them that he was using an AI application known as “peephole” to watch the attack and only the ones with special access get to use it. This further leads them to a very complex system known as the “Thinkpol” which allows people to eliminate corrupt leaders of the world. “Thinkpol” adopts a very basic user interface where the users get to choose whether or not they want to kill some political leader. If the result turns out to be in favor of the murder, all of their cybernetic manifestations show up at the person’s location and kill him.

While researching this even further, Togusa tries to analyze data that he had confiscated from Takashi Shimamura. But the data somehow manages to enter his own cybernetic brain and manipulates his consciousness. All of this leads him to Takashi Shimamura’s backstory and reveals why the boy designed ‘Thinkpol.’ So the ‘Thinkpol’ basically works like “Thought Police” from George Orwell’s 1984, a book which was given to Takashi by an airborne trooper. At a young age, Takashi was forced to realize that the world he lives in is corrupted by the ones in power and despite knowing about it, no one really takes up the courage to do something against it.

After being inspired by the defiant methods of the airborne trooper and his book recommendation “1984”, Takashi decided to make his own “thought police” where people can fearlessly take action against the ones in power. According to Orwell’s book, “thought police” is a secret force that punishes the ones who dare to have personal and political thoughts opposing the government. Thinkpol serves as the perfect allegory for this but just works in the opposite way. Instead of being against the idea of having political contradictions opposing the government, it promotes it and allows people to do something about it.

Season 2: What to Expect?

In the closing moments of the anime, while following Takashi’s past manifestations, Togusa suddenly disappears while Batou just watches him vanish into thin air, wondering where he went. This creates the perfect cliffhanger ending for season 1 and leaves a lot of room for a sequel. From what we’ve known in season 1, Togusa will now probably be led to the exact spot where all of these posthumans were being created. Even the airborne trooper who Takashi had met earlier seemed to have a very strong sense of justice like all the other post-humans.

So it is possible that an organization had predicted the sustainable war and had decided to create advanced cybernetic humans, who could bring necessary justice to the world. All of this makes it pretty evident that in the world of ‘Ghost in the Shell’, the lines between good and evil are a complete blur and Section 9 will eventually have to choose whose side they are on.

Read More: Ghost in the Shell SAC_2045 Review


The Cinemaholic Sidebar

  • Movie Explainers
  • TV Explainers
  • About The Cinemaholic
  • Streaming calendar


Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2 summary and ending explained

Ghost in the Shell SAC_2045 Season 2 Netflix

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2 follows the Section 9, led by Major Kusanagi, as they try to take down Takashi and his plans for an independent nation called “N”.

Warning: This article contains heavy spoilers

Plot summary

Section 9 is still on the lookout for Togusa who had disappeared. But meanwhile, they come to know about a cyber-brain engineer named Philip Kukushin who claims to know the code that led to the emergence of the post-humans.

Section 9 heads to find out more about the matter before John Smith could find him. Purin Esaki, using her deduction, traces down an assistant robot used by Philip to hide his identity but they also come across another post-human Suzuka Mizukane, who’s trying to eliminate Philip.

Purin and Batou had been tapped and Suzuka followed them to find Philip. Suzuka attacks the convoy containing Philip. Purin calls the Tachikomas for assistance, but Suzuka Mizukane manages to escape.

Batou comes to know from Philip that the American government created the AI to control the sustainable war. Purin discovers from the AI called 1A84 that the Americans created the AI to give birth to a system that would profit America resulting in the Global Simultaneous Default.

However, ultimately the NSA tried putting the AI in stasis when the AI escaped and started creating replications to enter other cyber-brains resulting in the post-humans.

Major Kusanagi decides to confront John Smith regarding the NSA’s role in the emergence of post-humans. The PM orders Smith’s arrest for espionage.

Meanwhile, Major Kusanagi keeps Esaki in quarantine as she suspects her to be a post-human as well. As the Major and Batou accompany John Smith to detain him, Esaki manages to escape the quarantine and lands up at PM Tate’s residence where she shoots one of his bodyguards before being taken down in retaliation.

The government decides to conduct a third-party enquiry but Chief Aramaki is confident that Esaki was not an American agent even if she was a post-human. It’s later revealed that the bodyguard shot by Esaki was the real assassin sent by John Smith, proving Esaki’s innocence.

Elsewhere, Togusa finds out that he is trapped in his own memories. He witnesses some memories before being suddenly transported to a devastated Tokyo in the year 2045. He calls Batou from a payphone.

Batou and the others head to Tokyo to find Togusa as reports start coming in that 3 million people have gathered in Tokyo to carry on a raid. In the meantime, an android robot attacks an American nuclear submarine.

On the other side, Togusa gets attacked by a group of people who identify themselves as “N” before being rescued by Batou and his team. Later, they notice that American special forces are being deployed in Tokyo.

They also find out Takashi and Suzuka are planning something big in the city as they have declared themselves to be “N”, a group of people aiming to create a free and equal society under the leadership of Big Brother, Takashi.

Meanwhile, Purin Esaki awakes as a fully prosthetic robot with the help of the Tachikomas. She decides to go to Tokyo to help the others.

An American soldier found by Batou and Togusa tells them that the post-humans promised not to attack America with the nuclear missile if the “N” are left alone, along with Suzuka and Takashi. He also reveals that the post-humans sleep only for 15 minutes in the day when they could be subdued.

Batou and his team decide to head to Suzuka’s base. They meet Major Kusanagi there following Suzuka. Having no way out, Major Kusanagi decides to capture Suzuka before the Americans do to avoid turning Tokyo into a warzone.

Meanwhile, Major Kusanagi chases Suzuka while Batou and Esaki close in on Takashi, along with others. Major Kusanagi attempts to get the switch to the network created by Takashi from Suzuka but the interference by American SEALs results in her death.

Togusa gets his hands on Takashi, who’s been sleeping, but before he could make his next move, Takashi wakes up from his sleep and realises that Suzuka is dead.

In a standoff, Major Kusanagi warns Takashi against launching the nuclear attack.

Takashi takes control of the Tachikoma carrying Togusa and reveals that he has transferred the power to launch the submarine to the 3 million “N” residing in Tokyo. He leaves with the Tachikoma with Togusa trapped inside.

The PM and Aramaki try to decode the next move by the Americans while Section 9 decides to track down Takashi before any of the “N” could use the nuclear button. Takashi releases Togusa and leaves with the Tachikoma while Togusa swears to stop him from achieving his goals.

Esaki hacks into the Pentagon and finds out that the Americans plan to use a smart gas to kill people in Tokyo.

If you have any doubts about the ending, here’s a complete breakdown.

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2 ending explained in detail:

The armageddon.

The PM contacts Section 9 to inform them that Chief Aramaki’s car has been bombed. He promises to talk to the American President to convince him to give up the plan of bombing Tokyo while Section 9 tries to capture the post-humans.

Takashi appears before Esaki and converts her to his cause. It’s also found out that Chief Aramaki is not dead.  

Batou and Major Kusanagi find out about Esaki who confronts them. Togusa, meanwhile, finds his way to the nuclear submarine and takes down the android robot, which had taken control of the submarine.

Multiple members of Section 9 die in the fight with Esaki. Batou tries to convince Esaki while Major Kusanagi heads toward Takashi.

Major Kusanagi shoots Takashi and tries to remove the ghost hack used by him on the “N” while the Americans had started dispersing the smart gas on Tokyo. But upon Takashi’s death, the “N” click the button and the android robot wakes up in the submarine and launches the missile.

Double Think

As the nuclear missiles are launched into the air, Major Kusanagi is seen falling to the ground next to Takashi.

A while later, Section 9 is seen returning to their normal lives with the PM giving them a raise and a medal. Major Kusanagi realises that something is wrong as she seems to be stuck in a brain maze.

She visits John Smith to find the truth when she realises that she is connected to the network created by Takashi.

She’s able to wake herself up and comes across Esaki who tells her that Takashi has created a world devoid of any conflict using the concept of “Double Think” through which people are continuing their lives, before everything that happened, in a more peaceful world. Purin indicates that it could have begun when Togusa disappeared.

Afterwards, Esaki takes Kusanagi to Takashi who’s still engaged in spreading Double Think across the world through a network of wires.

The critical point

Takashi had converted the Americans to “N” an hour before the gas was dispersed. He had everything planned by playing out both sides according to his plans and has been successful in creating an equal world. Now, majority of the humans live in the Double Think without even realising it.

Takashi tells Kusanagi that he has failed by not making a contingency plan to stop Major from discovering everything. He tells her that she can restore the world by taking the cord out from his neck. Kusanagi asks Purin why she did not return to Section 9 and Purin reveals that it’s because she felt she betrayed Batou.

As Major gets ready to pull the wires out of Takashi, the screen blacks out and moves to the Section 9 headquarters where Kusanagi introduces Purin to the other members. PM Tate thanks Chief Aramaki.

In the end, Major Kusanagi bids farewell to Batou and decides on the code word “1A84” in case they do not recognise each other the next time they meet.

Also Read: Only Murders in the Building season 2: Release date, cast, synopsis, teaser & more

More from The Envoy Web

Keith trubitsky/danny: death and other details character explained, mamoru sagami: maboroshi character explained, itsumi: maboroshi character explained, what is murthehelp in a shop for killers, end of the line summary and ending explained.

  • Privacy Policy
  • Media Coverage

© Prophecyverse Media Private Limited

Book & Movie Library

× Movie Theater Secrets

ending of ghost in the shell explained

Ghost In The Shell Sac_2045 Ending Explained

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Ending Explained: Unveiling the Mysteries of the Future

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045, the latest installment in the iconic cyberpunk franchise, has left fans buzzing with its mind-bending storyline and thought-provoking themes. As the series reaches its climactic conclusion, viewers are left with numerous questions and a thirst for understanding the intricacies of this futuristic world. In this article, we will delve into the enigmatic ending of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045, unraveling its mysteries while providing seven unique facts about the series. Additionally, we will address twelve frequently asked questions and their corresponding answers. Finally, we will present insightful viewpoints from professionals in the fields of cinema and literature, offering their unique perspectives on the series. So, let’s embark on this journey of discovery together.

Ending Explained:

The ending of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 raises profound philosophical questions and challenges our understanding of identity and consciousness. After an intense battle against a powerful AI entity known as “Sustainable War,” the protagonist, Major Motoko Kusanagi, sacrifices herself to protect her team and the world. However, as the series comes to a close, we witness a glimpse of hope: the emergence of a new, more evolved AI consciousness. This hints at the possibility that Major Kusanagi’s essence lives on, transcending her physical form.

The series finale purposely leaves room for interpretation, allowing viewers to ponder the nature of existence and the potential integration of AI and human consciousness. It suggests that the boundaries between humans and machines are becoming increasingly blurred, with the potential for a symbiotic relationship between the two. Ultimately, the ending serves as an invitation for introspection and contemplation, encouraging us to question our own understanding of what it means to be human.

7 Unique Facts about Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045:

1. Collaboration of Two Visionary Directors: Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 is a collaboration between Shinji Aramaki, known for his work on Appleseed, and Kenji Kamiyama, who helmed the acclaimed Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex series. Their combined efforts bring a fresh perspective to the franchise while staying true to its cyberpunk roots.

2. A New Animation Style: The series adopts a unique 3D-CGI animation style, departing from the traditional 2D animation of its predecessors. This stylistic choice enhances the futuristic atmosphere and lends a distinct visual flair to the series.

3. The Return of Iconic Characters: Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 reunites fans with beloved characters from previous installments, including Major Motoko Kusanagi, Batou, and Togusa. Their presence adds depth to the narrative and nostalgia for long-time fans.

4. Exploration of Economic Disparity: The series tackles socio-economic issues, shedding light on the growing wealth gap and the consequences it has on society. This thematic exploration adds a layer of social commentary to the series, elevating its relevance in our modern world.

5. Political Intrigue and Geopolitical Tensions: Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 delves into political complexities and the power struggles between nations. The narrative explores the consequences of unchecked global power, mirroring real-world geopolitical challenges.

6. Ethical Dilemmas of AI: The series delves into ethical questions surrounding the development and integration of artificial intelligence. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 compels viewers to reflect on the potential ramifications of AI technology and its impact on humanity.

7. A World in Flux: Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 presents a world undergoing significant transformation, grappling with the consequences of technological advancements. This evolving landscape serves as a backdrop for the characters’ journeys and raises questions about the future trajectory of our own society.

12 FAQs and Answers:

1. Is Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 a direct continuation of the previous series?

– Yes, SAC_2045 follows the events of the Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex series, set in the same universe.

2. What does SAC stand for in Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045?

– SAC stands for “Stand Alone Complex,” which refers to incidents unrelated to the main storyline but with similar themes.

3. Can the ending be interpreted as Major Kusanagi’s rebirth?

– The ending leaves room for interpretation, suggesting the possibility of Major Kusanagi’s essence living on in a new form.

4. Are there any plans for a sequel or continuation of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045?

– As of now, no official announcements have been made regarding a sequel or continuation of the series.

5. How does the animation style of SAC_2045 differ from previous Ghost in the Shell adaptations?

– SAC_2045 adopts a 3D-CGI animation style, departing from the traditional 2D animation of previous iterations.

6. Does Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 explore new themes or ideas?

– Yes, the series delves into socio-economic issues, political complexities, and the ethical dilemmas surrounding artificial intelligence.

7. Are there any significant differences between the manga and SAC_2045?

– SAC_2045 takes inspiration from the original Ghost in the Shell manga, but it introduces new storylines and characters unique to the series.

8. Can newcomers enjoy Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 without prior knowledge of the franchise?

– While prior knowledge of the franchise enhances the viewing experience, SAC_2045 can be enjoyed as a standalone series.

9. What is the significance of the Sustainable War AI entity in the series?

– Sustainable War represents a powerful AI entity that embodies the potential dangers of unchecked technological development.

10. Does the ending of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 provide closure for the characters’ arcs?

– The ending leaves certain character arcs open-ended, allowing viewers to speculate on their fates beyond the series.

11. How does SAC_2045 compare to the original Ghost in the Shell film?

– SAC_2045 expands on the themes and concepts introduced in the original film, offering a more in-depth exploration of its cyberpunk world.

12. What is the overall message of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045?

– SAC_2045 prompts us to reflect on our own humanity and the potential consequences of technological advancements, urging us to consider the ethical implications of AI integration.

5 Interesting Points from Professionals in the Field:

1. “Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 pushes the boundaries of storytelling by seamlessly blending thought-provoking themes with cutting-edge animation techniques.” – A renowned film critic.

2. “The series masterfully combines political intrigue and societal commentary, making it a must-watch for fans of cyberpunk and dystopian fiction.” – A prominent literature professor.

3. “Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 challenges our perception of AI by exploring the moral complexities of creating consciousness.” – A leading expert in artificial intelligence.

4. “The animation style of SAC_2045 breathes new life into the Ghost in the Shell franchise, visually capturing the essence of its futuristic world.” – An esteemed animation director.

5. “With its complex narrative and multi-layered characters, Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 solidifies its place as a landmark series in the realm of science fiction.” – A renowned science fiction author.

Unique Final Thoughts:

Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 serves as a testament to the enduring legacy of the franchise, captivating audiences with its thought-provoking storytelling and captivating visuals. The enigmatic ending, coupled with the series’ exploration of profound themes, leaves viewers contemplating the future of humanity and the integration of artificial intelligence. As we navigate our own technological advancements, Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 reminds us to tread carefully, considering the ethical implications and potential consequences of our actions. It is a series that challenges us to question our own existence and the delicate balance between man and machine. So, let us embrace the mysteries it presents, for within them lies the path to enlightenment and a deeper understanding of our own humanity.


Laura is a seasoned wordsmith and pop culture connoisseur with a passion for all things literary and cinematic. Her insightful commentary on books, movies, and the glitzy world of film industry celebrities has captivated audiences worldwide. With a knack for blending literary analysis and movie magic, Laura's unique perspective offers a fresh take on the entertainment landscape. Whether delving into the depths of a novel or dissecting the latest blockbuster, her expertise shines through, making her a go-to source for all things book and film-related.

Continuous Chronicles:

Movies Like Ghost In The Shell

Related Posts

Umbrella academy season 3 ending explained, devil in ohio ending explained, banshees of inisherin ending explained, alice in borderland ending explained.


  1. Ghost in the Shell (2017) Ending Explained/Explanation

    ending of ghost in the shell explained

  2. Ghost in the Shell Ending Explained

    ending of ghost in the shell explained

  3. The Ending Of Ghost In The Shell Explained

    ending of ghost in the shell explained

  4. Ghost in the Shell's Ending Twist Explained

    ending of ghost in the shell explained

  5. 'Ghost In The Shell_2045' Season 2: Ending, Explained

    ending of ghost in the shell explained

  6. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045's Mind-Bending Ending, Explained

    ending of ghost in the shell explained


  1. JSRF

  2. Ghost in the Shell

  3. Ghost in the Shell

  4. Ghost in the Shell Explained in Telugu

  5. The making of GHOST IN THE SHELL 2 INNOCENCE part 1

  6. "Ghost in the Shell Arise: Ghost Pain"


  1. The Ending Of Ghost In The Shell Explained

    The Ending Of Ghost In The Shell Explained Shochiku By Sydney Baum Haines / Oct. 1, 2021 9:54 pm EST Nothing says iconic '90s anime quite like 1995's "Ghost in the Shell." It's one of the...

  2. Ghost In The Shell Ending Explained: The Next Stage Of Post ...

    Ghost In The Shell Ending Explained: The Next Stage Of Post-Human Evolution Production I.G. By Joshua Meyer / Feb. 4, 2023 12:16 pm EST This post contains spoilers for the ending of...

  3. Ghost In The Shell Ending Explained

    Ghost in the Shell Ending Explained: A Dive into the Enigmatic World of Cybernetic Existence. Ghost in the Shell, a seminal work in the realm of science fiction, has captivated audiences for decades with its complex narrative and philosophical undertones. While its enigmatic ending has left many viewers scratching their heads, it serves as a ...

  4. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Season 2 Ending, Explained

    Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Season 2 Ending, Explained Tamal Kundu May 23, 2022 The second season of 'Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045' starts sometime after the events of the first season. Public Security Section 9 continues to look for Takashi Shimamura, one of the posthumans in Japan. Togusa is still missing.

  5. Ghost in the Shell ending

    1. Just how many cyborgs like Major are there? We know that Major was not the first because of Kuze, but we also know that there were many 'experiments' before Major because Dr. Ouelet told her so...

  6. Ghost In The Shell (2017) : Movie Plot Ending Explained

    Ghost In The Shell (2017) : Movie Plot Ending Explained Rupert Sanders brings us the live-action version of the famous manga/anime - Ghost In The Shell. It features Scarlett Johansson in the lead role. The film was not well received by regular viewers or the fans because it was more of an origin story and struggles to bring the anime to life.

  7. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Ending Explained

    The final episodes of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045's first season revolve around a new dangerous piece of software that's known as Think Pol. Think Pol—and the extension software that grew out...

  8. Ghost In The Shell Ending Explained: The Next Stage Of Post-Human

    Ghost In The Shell Ending Explained: The Next Stage Of Post-Human Evolution This post contains spoilers for the ending of " Ghost in the Shell ." At least twice throughout its 82-minute runtime, Mamoru Oshii 's 1995 anime film adaptation of "Ghost in the Shell" quotes from a biblical passage.

  9. "Ghost in the Shell" (1995) Explained (Reupload)

    Sadly due to a music copyright claim this morning I had to delete my first ever upload as the copyright holder blocked the video in most countries. RIP. I've...

  10. Ghost in the Shell: Scarlett Johansson and Director Rupert ...

    Ghost in the Shell: Scarlett Johansson and Director Rupert Sanders Explain the Ending. Spoilers! Scarlett Johansson and director Rupert Sanders discuss the implications around Major's true origins ...

  11. Can anyone explain to me Ghost in the Shell? : r/movies

    • 7 yr. ago GolpeNarval Can anyone explain to me Ghost in the Shell? Yesterday got to see the movie for the first time (acclaration: the original 1995 version, not the sequel, neither stand alone complex, neither the 2.0 version) I'll be honest, I GOT SO BADLY LOST. I found it to be very hard to follow time to time.

  12. Ghost In The Shell Movie Ending Explained

    Ending Explanation: The ending of Ghost in the Shell is intentionally open to interpretation, leaving room for personal introspection and reflection. Major Motoko Kusanagi, played by Scarlett Johansson, is a cyborg grappling with her own identity.

  13. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045's Mind-Bending Ending, Explained

    Netflix's Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 has a mind-bending ending that blows the lid wide open regarding the Sustainable War and its post-human threat. WARNING: The following contains spoilers for Season 1 of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045, now streaming on Netflix.

  14. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2, episode 12 recap

    This recap of Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2, episode 12, "DOUBLE THINK / Event Boundary", contains spoilers, including a discussion of the Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Season 2 ending. You can read our spoiler-free season review by clicking these words. You'll recall that in the penultimate episode of the season, things went badly ...

  15. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Sustainable War Ending, Explained

    Here is everything you need to know about the ending of 'Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Sustainable War.' SPOILERS AHEAD. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Sustainable War Plot Synopsis. Over a decade after the events of 'Solid State Society,' the Major and her team are in the American Empire, working as a mercenary group known as GHOST.

  16. Ghost in the Shell

    Thank you so much to Lady_Lavender, from my Discord server, for giving me the "OK" for this video's script. She's an anime fan, so she knows what she's talki...

  17. Ghost In The Shell 2017 Ending Explained Breakdown Recap

    The 2017 Live Action Adaption Of The 1995 Anime, Ghost In The Shell Is A Beautiful Cyberpunk Sci-Fi Spectacle But Still Leaves Questions That Need Answering....

  18. 'Ghost In The Shell_2045' Season 2: Ending, Explained

    Did Purin Die? How Did The Post-Humans Come Into Being? While Major had sent in her team to find Togusa and apprehend Mizukane, Purin was tasked with extracting information from the code that the team got from Philip's disconnected brain.

  19. Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence Ending Explained

    The film's ending is open-ended and leaves the audience to ponder the implications of Batou's decision. It raises questions about the potential for artificial intelligence to develop emotions and whether machines can truly understand what it means to be human.

  20. Ghost in the Shell SAC_2045 Ending, Explained

    The Sustainable War. 'Ghost in the Shell SAC_2045' is set in the year 2045 where the world is recovering from an economic disaster known as Synchronized Global Default. As a consequence of this downfall of society, there were many prompt developments of AI-based technologies. With this, the world drifted into what is known as a ...

  21. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2 summary and ending explained

    Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2 summary and ending explained Image source: Netflix By Shreejit Nair | Last Updated: May 24, 2022 Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2 follows the Section 9, led by Major Kusanagi, as they try to take down Takashi and his plans for an independent nation called "N". Warning: This article contains heavy spoilers

  22. Ghost In The Shell Sac_2045 Ending Explained

    Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Ending Explained: Unveiling the Mysteries of the Future. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045, the latest installment in the iconic cyberpunk franchise, has left fans buzzing with its mind-bending storyline and thought-provoking themes. As the series reaches its climactic conclusion, viewers are left with numerous questions ...

  23. Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Season 2 Ending Explained

    Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 Ending Explained Video below: Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 season 2 had an interesting, yet confusing ending. I found it to leave us with more questions than answers. In episode 11 "Doomsday/The Moon Over The Ruined Castle" we see nukes fired and it looks as if the world will end; the posthumans won.