The first fully animated film ever, the 1908 “Fantasmagorie” was made by Émile Cohl

who created fantasmagorie

Émile Cohl, born Émile Eugène Jean Louis Courtet, was a French caricaturist of the largely forgotten Incoherent Movement, cartoonist, and animator.

Cohl was called “the Father of the Animated Cartoon” after his first animated film the 1908 Fantasmagorie using what came to be known as traditional animation creation methods.

Émile Cohl.

Émile Cohl.

When Cohl was 21 he obtained a letter of recommendation from Étienne Carjat to approach André Gill for a job.

Thorugh Gill, Cohl had become acquainted with an artistic circle calling themselves the Hydropathes.

Cohl visiting Gill.

Cohl visiting Gill.

In 1907, Cohl had become aware of motion pictures and how he entered the business is shrouded in legend.

Cohl was walking down the street when he saw a poster advertising a movie stolen from one of his strips.  He went to the Gaumont studio and confronted the manager, at the same moment he was hired as a scenarist.

At Gaumont, Cohl worked with other directors whenever possible, learning cinematography.

Caricature of Lautrec by Emile Cohl.

Caricature of Lautrec by Emile Cohl.

Young Émile Cohl.

Young Émile Cohl.

However, Cohl specialty was animation. He was working with a vertical mounted camera and a single assistant to operate it. He was inspired by the film “The Haunted Hotel”, released by Vitagraph and directed by J. Stuart Blackton.

Considered the first fully animated film ever made, Fantasmagorie was made from February to May or June in 1908. Cohl made up the animation of 700 drawings, each of which was double-exposed, leading to a running time of almost two minutes. The piece was defined as a stream of consciousness style.

The first animated film created by using what came to be known as traditional (hand-drawn) animation.

The first animated film created by using what came to be known as traditional (hand-drawn) animation.

Fantasmagorie was released in 1908 along with two more films “ The Puppet’s Nightmare” and “A Puppet Drama”. These three animations are united by their chalk-line style, the constant transformations, and the stick-figure clown character. Cohl made up the plots of these films while he was filming them.

Fantasmagorie was released on August 17, 1908. Photo Credit

Fantasmagorie was released on August 17, 1908. 

During his life, Cohl made a lot of films and his last was “Puppet Looks for an Apartment”.

In 1931, when his peer George Méliès was awarded the Legion of Honor medal, little attention was given to Cohl’s pioneering work in animated film.

The commemorative plaque of Émile Cohl in the columbarium of the Père-Lachaise Cemetery.

The commemorative plaque of Émile Cohl in the columbarium of the Père-Lachaise Cemetery.

At the age of 80, Cohl burned his face when a candle on his desk set fire to his beard.

The day before he died, a young journalist René Jeanne organized a benefit screening of Cohl’s work which played at the Champs-Elysées Cinema.

Here is another story from our movie vault:Georges Méliès was one of the greatest movie pioneers but today 200 of over 500 of his movies are lost

Cohl’s ashes are kept in the columbarium of the Père-Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

who created fantasmagorie


Who Made the First Animated Movie?

  • Share Content on Facebook
  • Share Content on LinkedIn
  • Share Content on Flipboard
  • Share Content on Reddit
  • Share Content via Email

who created fantasmagorie

Animated movies can bring an entire fantasy and adventure world to your screen that a traditional film can't. Beloved by adults and children alike, animated movies come in all formats, from Disney-Pixar blockbusters to smaller, independent shorts. The history of animation is rich and fascinating, from its humble beginnings to the digital revolution . Let's take a trip back in time and look at the first animated movie: who made it and how, and what it was about.

Depending on whom you ask, you'll get varying answers about who created the first animated movie. Three people in particular put the first animations on film. Each one built upon his predecessor, so let's look at all three.

In 1888, French scientist Charles-Emile Reynaud invented a device called the Theatre Optique. It could project a strip of pictures onto a screen. Reynaud would paint individual images onto flexible strips of gel (gelatine), with perforations on the edge to run through the projection system. He made three animated shorts to show off his invention. The first was a 12-15 minute feature called "Pauvre Pierrot," which debuted in 1892. Some consider this to be the first animated movie.

Later, in the early 1900s, cartoonist J. Stuart Blackton made the first animated movie shot on standard motion picture film. It was titled "Humorous Phases of Funny Faces," and you can still look it up on YouTube . The film featured chalk drawings of faces moving around, growing hair and blowing cigar smoke. Some say this film is the first animated movie. However, many film historians don't consider it a fully realized animated film.

So what about the third filmmaker? In 1908, a cartoonist and writer named Emile Cohl joined the Gaumont film company as a writer. Inspired by Blackton's animation, Cohl began working on his own animated movie. He worked with drawings, puppets, cutouts and other media as he experimented. Cohl finally settled on line drawings and then put his background as a writer to work. He created a story and a character named Fantoche. The result, "Fantasmagorie," was a unique style of animation, with figures morphing in and out of one another. Although the characters look like they are drawn on a chalkboard, they are actually line drawings printed in negative.

Because "Fantasmagorie" had fully realized characters and was comprised of 700 sheets of paper separately photographed, it's widely considered the first animated movie. Cohl went on to make more than 250 films during his career. You can also watch "Fantasmagorie" on YouTube and shake your head in fascination at the evolution of this cinematic art.

First Animated Movie FAQ

When was animation invented, who made the first animated film, what were the first five disney movies, do animators get paid, what does animation means, lots more information, related articles.

  • How Computer Animation Works
  • 10 Outrageous Cartoon Moments That Use Real Physics
  • How Animation Software Works
  • 10 Most Thankless Jobs in Film
  • How Audience Testing Works
  • The Bioscope. "Emile Cohl." Feb. 17, 2008. (Oct. 23, 2014)
  • Dirks, Tim. "Animated Films." AMC Filmsite. 2014. (Oct. 23, 2014)
  • Popova, Maria. "Before Walt Disney: 5 Animations by Early Cinema Pioneers." Brain Pickings. 2014. (Oct. 23, 2014)

Please copy/paste the following text to properly cite this article:

Blacking out external light from your workspace is especially vital if you’re creating a dark, moody film.

Before Walt Disney: 5 Pioneers of Early Animation

A look back at the early-20th-century inventors of a new art form, from Émile Cohl to Eadweard J. Muybridge

Animation is one of the most ubiquitous and all-permeating forms of visual communication today, seen everywhere from the multitude of TV channels dedicated solely to cartoons to the title sequences of our favorite movies to the reactive graphic interfaces our smartphones. And while most of us have a vague idea of how, when, and where it all began, we tend to take for granted the incredible visual wizardry possible today. With that in mind, here's a brief history of the beloved medium's beginnings through the seminal work of five early animation pioneers.



To create the animation, Cohl placed each drawing on an illuminated glass plate and traced the next drawing, reflecting the variations necessary to show movement, over it until he had some 700 drawings. Since chalkboard caricaturists were common vaudeville attractions in the era, the characters in the film look as though they've been drawn on a chalkboard, but it's an illusion—Cohl filmed black lines on paper and printed them in negative to make his animations appear to be chalk drawings.

Fantasmagorie and dozens of other influential early films can be found on Gaumont Treasures Vol. 2: 1908-1916 , with over 10 hours of glorious raw material.



Méliès's seminal work can be found in Georges Méliès: First Wizard of Cinema (1896-1913) , an outstanding five-disc collection of 173 rare and rediscovered Méliès gems alongside a beautifully illustrated booklet featuring essays by acclaimed National Film Board of Canada animator Norman McLaren, and its sequel, Méliès Encore: 26 Additional Rare and Original Films by the First Wizard of Cinema (1896-1911) .



His 1911 film, Winsor McCay, the Famous Cartoonist of the N.Y. Herald and His Moving Comics , also referred to simply as Little Nemo and featured here last week , contains two minutes of pure animation at around 8:11, using sequential hand-illustration in a novel way not seen in previous films.

For more on McCay's work and legacy, look no further than the stunning and illuminating Winsor McCay: His Life and Art . There's also a wonderful Kickstarter project out to resurrect McCay's last film, The Flying House —join me in supporting it.



In the film, previously featured here , Blackton sketches a face, cigars, and a bottle of wine, then "removes" these last drawings as real objects so that the face appears to react. Although the stop-motion sequence isn't considered "true" animation in technical terms the way Little Nemo , which Blackton co-directed with McCay, is, the technique offered an early glimpse of what animation could become.

Blackton's films are included in The Origins of American Animation, 1900-1921 —a fantastic collection of the work that sparked what became one of the most powerful and permeating movements in visual creativity.


Though the work of English photographer Eadweard J. Muybridge isn't animation, his animal locomotion studies are among the earliest visual experiments with moving images, laying the foundations for later forms of videography.


In 1893, Muybridge used the phenakistoscope —an early animation device that harnessed the "persistence of vision" principle to create an illusion of motion—to extend his visual studies to animation.

Hans-Christian Adams offers an excellent account of Muybridge's work and legacy in Eadweard Muybridge: The Human and Animal Locomotion Photographs , best examined in parallel with the work of Muybridge's equally influential French contemporary, Étienne-Jules Marey .

For more on early animation, you won't go wrong with Donald Crafton's Before Mickey —the most ambitious history of animation from 1898-1928 ever published.

This post also appears on Brain Pickings .

We will keep fighting for all libraries - stand with us!

Internet Archive Audio

who created fantasmagorie

  • This Just In
  • Grateful Dead
  • Old Time Radio
  • 78 RPMs and Cylinder Recordings
  • Audio Books & Poetry
  • Computers, Technology and Science
  • Music, Arts & Culture
  • News & Public Affairs
  • Spirituality & Religion
  • Radio News Archive

who created fantasmagorie

  • Flickr Commons
  • Occupy Wall Street Flickr
  • NASA Images
  • Solar System Collection
  • Ames Research Center

who created fantasmagorie

  • All Software
  • Old School Emulation
  • MS-DOS Games
  • Historical Software
  • Classic PC Games
  • Software Library
  • Kodi Archive and Support File
  • Vintage Software
  • CD-ROM Software
  • CD-ROM Software Library
  • Software Sites
  • Tucows Software Library
  • Shareware CD-ROMs
  • Software Capsules Compilation
  • CD-ROM Images
  • ZX Spectrum
  • DOOM Level CD

who created fantasmagorie

  • Smithsonian Libraries
  • Lincoln Collection
  • American Libraries
  • Canadian Libraries
  • Universal Library
  • Project Gutenberg
  • Children's Library
  • Biodiversity Heritage Library
  • Books by Language
  • Additional Collections

who created fantasmagorie

  • Prelinger Archives
  • Democracy Now!
  • Occupy Wall Street
  • TV NSA Clip Library
  • Animation & Cartoons
  • Arts & Music
  • Computers & Technology
  • Cultural & Academic Films
  • Ephemeral Films
  • Sports Videos
  • Videogame Videos
  • Youth Media

Search the history of over 835 billion web pages on the Internet.

Mobile Apps

  • Wayback Machine (iOS)
  • Wayback Machine (Android)

Browser Extensions

Archive-it subscription.

  • Explore the Collections
  • Build Collections

Save Page Now

Capture a web page as it appears now for use as a trusted citation in the future.

Please enter a valid web address

  • Donate Donate icon An illustration of a heart shape


Video item preview, share or embed this item, flag this item for.

  • Graphic Violence
  • Explicit Sexual Content
  • Hate Speech
  • Misinformation/Disinformation
  • Marketing/Phishing/Advertising
  • Misleading/Inaccurate/Missing Metadata

Creative Commons License

Wikipedia : Fantasmagorie is a 1908 French animated film by Émile Cohl . It is one of the earliest examples of traditional (hand-drawn) animation , and considered by film historians to be the first animated cartoon .

plus-circle Add Review comment Reviews


63 Favorites


In collections.

Uploaded by PiRSquared on April 2, 2015

SIMILAR ITEMS (based on metadata)

The Birth of Chuckles: A Tale of the First Cartoon Ever

Fantasmagorie, crafted by Émile Cohl, is acknowledged as the inaugural hand-drawn animated film and is regarded as the first animated cartoon. Fantasmagorie represents a remarkable landmark in the world of animation. While many assert that “Humorous Phases of Funny Faces” was the first animation, which is accurate, it originated from an artist sketching characters and employing a recording method rather than a stop-frame approach.

Fantasmagorie stands as the pioneer in fully animated films. The groundbreaking double exposure technique was ingenious for its era, and the animation continues to be recognized as one of the finest of its time.

Country: France Initial release: August 17, 1908 Director: Émile Cohl Cast: Personajes Animados Producer: Émile Cohl Production company: Gaumont Distributed by: Gaumont Language: None / Silent film

The World’s First Cartoon: Fantasmagorie


In the prehistoric age of 1908, an eccentric Frenchman named Émile Cohl, also known as the “Father of the Animated Cartoon,” revolutionized the entertainment world with a simple yet groundbreaking concept: moving drawings!

Fantasmagorie, a marvel for its time, features a whirlwind of black-and-white, hand-drawn images that dance, twist, and morph onscreen.

It tickles our collective funny bones and paved the way for iconic characters such as Mickey Mouse, Bugs Bunny, and Homer Simpson.

A Fantasmagorical Ride

Fantasmagorie - first cartoon

Over approximately five months, from February 1908 to either May or June, Emile Cohl created Fantasmagorie, producing 700 drawings for the 1-minute-20-second film. Cohl utilized an illuminated glass plate to trace consecutive drawings with the necessary variations, ensuring consistent movement and continuity among the images.

Although the film resembles the popular chalkboard caricatures of the time, it consists of pen-on-paper drawings that were double exposed to create a negative film effect of white lines on black. This ‘chalk line effect’ drew inspiration from the famous early animator James Stuart Blackton.

Cohl and a camera assistant created the film, which projected at a rate of 16 frames per second. Cohl crafted eight drawings for each second and photographed each image twice. They placed the drawings one by one on a lightbox and photographed them, adjusting their positions as needed.

In his book Emile Cohl, Caricature, and Film, Donald Crafton explains, “At the beginning and end, Cohl’s own hands appeared in positive, necessitating in these two shots the use of white ink on black paper to match the negative animation sequence.”

The Man Behind the Magic: Émile Cohl

The Man Behind the Magic: Émile Cohl

Born in Paris on January 4, 1857, as Émile Eugène Jean Louis Courtet, Émile Cohl was an innovative and multi-talented artist who worked across various disciplines, including painting, caricature, and animation. Before entering the animation world, Cohl had already established himself as a well-known caricaturist, contributing to numerous French publications and co-founding the Incoherent Movement, an artistic movement dedicated to the absurd and nonsensical.

When Cohl ventured into animation, he drew on his caricature experience, combining his artistic expertise with his love for the ridiculous and surreal. This unique approach ultimately led him to create the first-ever animated cartoon, Fantasmagorie.

Inkwell Shenanigans

Of course, it would be a grave injustice, not to mention the painstaking process Cohl undertook to create Fantasmagorie. In an age devoid of digital shortcuts, Cohl singlehandedly produced this animated masterpiece by drawing each frame on paper, photographing them, and then painstakingly arranging them in a sequence to create the illusion of movement.

The result? A mesmerizing, fluid dance of ink that would give birth to an entire industry of animated entertainment.

A Legacy to Laugh About

Fantasmagorie’s impact reverberates through the annals of history, paving the way for countless animators, comedians, and storytellers to follow in Cohl’s inky footsteps.

Today, we enjoy many animated films and series that owe their existence to this humble, black-and-white triumph.

The Simpsons , Family Guy, and even Pixar movie offerings are all indebted to the creative genius of Émile Cohl and his trailblazing work in Fantasmagorie.

Producing the Fantasmagorical Classic

Producing the Fantasmagorical Classic

The process of creating Fantasmagorie was anything but simple. In a time when computers were still a distant dream, Cohl had to rely on traditional methods to bring his whimsical world to life.

Concept and Storyboarding

Cohl began by devising a loose narrative for Fantasmagorie, which involved a dapper gentleman interacting with a shape-shifting world. He then sketched out his ideas in a series of storyboards, mapping out the film’s visual progression.

Hand-drawn Animation

Cohl then painstakingly drew each frame by hand, using pen and ink on large sheets of paper. This involved a staggering 700 individual drawings, each slightly different from the last, to create the illusion of movement when viewed quickly.

Photography and Assembly

Once the drawings were complete, Cohl photographed each frame using stop-motion photography. The photographs were then developed and assembled sequentially to create a continuous film strip.

Projection and Release

With the film strip ready, Fantasmagorie was projected onto a screen using a magic lantern, an early image projector. The film premiered at the Théâtre du Gymnase in Paris on August 17, 1908, leaving audiences dazzled by the groundbreaking blend of animation and whimsy.

Cohl’s Lasting Impact

Producing the Fantasmagorical Classic

Émile Cohl’s Fantasmagorie ushered in a new era of entertainment. His inventive use of animation and storytelling inspired numerous artists to delve into the medium and push its limits. Consequently, people often refer to Cohl as the “Father of the Animated Cartoon.”

Following Fantasmagorie, Cohl experimented with animation, producing over 250 films in his lifetime, such as The Puppet’s Nightmare (1908) and The Hasher’s Delirium (1910). His trailblazing work influenced notable animators like Winsor McCay, Walt Disney, and Hayao Miyazaki, among countless others.

Over a century after Fantasmagorie’s debut, Émile Cohl’s lasting impact on the animation world remains apparent. His creative genius and unwavering commitment to his craft have created an enduring legacy, motivating generations of artists to bring joy and laughter to audiences worldwide.

A Symphony of Humor

Over the years, the world of animation evolved into a symphony of laughter featuring diverse comedic styles from every corner of the globe.

The wit found in British classics like Wallace and Gromit, the satirical edge in Japanese cult favorites such as Spirited Away, and the irreverent humor of modern American sensations like Rick and Morty all connects back to Émile Cohl’s pioneering work.

Each new generation of animators and storytellers builds on Cohl’s original vision, transforming the cartoon world into a rich tapestry of humor and creativity.

Watch Fantasmagorie from 1908

You may also like

Dave the barbarian a 2000s cartoon, 15 anime series similar prison school, augie doggie and doggie daddy: a 60s classic, iconic cartoon characters with glasses, what animal is arthur and other characters, 20 ugly disney characters that we can’t help but love.

  • India Today
  • Business Today
  • Reader’s Digest
  • Harper's Bazaar
  • Brides Today
  • Cosmopolitan
  • Aaj Tak Campus


Fantasmagorie, the world's first fully animated cartoon, was released on aug 17, 1908: watch it here, the first animated film 'fantasmagorie' showed people the magic of animated pictures and changes how people saw 'reality' in movies.

Listen to Story

fantasmagorie, first animated film

The film takes its name from the fantasmograph, a 19th century lantern which projects shadowy images on the wall. The French term 'fantasmagorie' is defined as "a constantly shifting complex succession of things seen or imagined."

who created fantasmagorie

Which popular animations came before Fantasmagorie?

The first ever animation was the oldest surviving advertisement of Bryant and May's Matches -- Matches: An Appeal (1899). Created by Arthur Melbourne-Cooper, it used single frame exposures of models to ultimately create moving images. Watch it here.

who created fantasmagorie

Read: 105 years of Shree Pundalik, first Indian feature-length production: Groundbreaking films in Indian cinema

  • Today's Hours: 10 a.m. – 5 p.m.
  • Plan Your Visit
  • Buy Tickets
  • Museum Visitor's Map
  • Fossil Gallery
  • Sea Creatures of the Plains
  • Cenozoic Era
  • Rocks and Minerals
  • World War I
  • World War II
  • Vietnam War
  • Berlin Wall
  • All Are Not Free
  • Founding of America
  • Hall of Presidents
  • Mesopotamia
  • Ancient Egypt
  • Ancient Greece
  • Ancient Rome
  • Pre-Hispanic
  • Royal Art of Asia
  • New Treasures Case
  • Small Stories Cases
  • Real Document Case
  • Virtual Exhibits
  • In-Person Field Trips
  • Educational Talks
  • Girl Scout Programs
  • Boy Scout Programs
  • Homeschool Information
  • Midnight at the Museum Camp-Ins
  • Traveling Trunk
  • Education Resource Center
  • Virtual Field Trips
  • Event Rentals
  • Group Tours
  • Birthday Parties
  • Museum Escape
  • Scavenger Hunt
  • Museum Memberships
  • Meet the Team
  • Museum Store
  • Board of Directors
  • The Founders
  • Volunteer Opportunities
  • Volunteer Resources
  • Terms & Conditions
  • 316.263.1311
  • 835 E. 1st Street Wichita, Kansas 67202


Quick History: Early Animation

January 28, 2021


Today in history, January 29, 1892, animator Walt Disney started work as an artist with the Kansas City Slide Company for $40 a week.

Many believe that the history of animation begins and ends with Walt Disney. With the establishment of Pixar Studios, as well as milestones in animation like the first hand-drawn featured animation Snow White and the first fully computer-animated feature film Toy Story , it’s easy to associate Disney with all things animation. However you might be surprised to learn that the history of animation pre-Disney paints a much larger portrait.

Take a stroll through a timeline of early animation milestones (30,000 B.C. to 1928) — curated to satisfy your curiosity.

  • As early as 30,000 B.C., archeological finds have proven that we’ve been attempting to visually depict things in motion since we first learned how to draw. A prime example is a bronze-age pottery bowl depicting goats leaping, which was discovered in Shahr-e Sukhteh (now the National Museum of Iran). Pictured is a reproduction of the drawing on the pottery vessel.

who created fantasmagorie

  • 1650 - The Industrial Revolution in Europe and North America sparked the creation for machines that produced pictures that gave the illusion of movement. The Magic Lantern, or Laterna Magica, is an image projector that uses pictures on sheets of glass. Since some sheets contain moving parts, this is considered the first example of projected animation.

who created fantasmagorie

  • Discovery of persistence of vision – If drawings of stages were shown in quick succession, the human eye would perceive them as a continuous movement, sort of like a flip book.
  • 1832 – Joseph Plateau, a Belgian inventor, created the phenakistoscope — one of the first devices to capture the “persistence of vision.” The phenakistoscope consisted of a spinning cardboard disk that gave the illusion of movement when viewed in a mirror.

who created fantasmagorie

  • 1834 – William George Horner invented the zoetrope — a rotating drum lined by a band of pictures that could be swapped out for different pictures.

who created fantasmagorie

  • 1876 – Frenchman Émile Reynaud created the “Theatre Optique” — an animated moving picture system that gave over 12,800 shows to a total of more than 500,000 visitors at the Musée Grévin in Paris (interestingly, a present day wax museum).

who created fantasmagorie

  • 1906 - J. Stuart Blackton created the Humorous Phases of Funny Faces , which is noted as quite possibly the first film-based animation. In the same year, Blackton experimented with the idea of stop-motion animation, which involved taking a photograph of an object, moving its position slightly, photographing it again, and so forth, creating a moving animation. Click here to watch Humorous Phases of Funny Faces  for yourself.

who created fantasmagorie

  • 1908 – Émile Cohl created Fantasmagorie — the first animated film using hand-drawn animation, and film historians consider it to be the first animated cartoon. To make this film, Cohl placed each drawing on an illuminated glass plate, then traced the next drawing with variations on top until he had around 700 drawings. Click here to watch the Fantasmagorie animated short.

who created fantasmagorie

  • 1914 – Winsor McCay created Gertie the Dinosaur — the animated short film that took the next step in paving the road to a more fluid sense of movement. This technique gave Gertie the presence and personality of an individual with a life of her own. Want to watch  Gertie the Dinosaur  in its early form? Click here to view on YouTube.

who created fantasmagorie

  • 1919 – Felix the Cat — often considered the first animated movie star — was created by Pat Sullivan and Otto Messmer during the silent film era. Felix the Cat is famously seen with hands behind his back, head down, and deep in thought. Click here to watch an original Felix the Cat short on YouTube.

who created fantasmagorie

  • In 1928, young Walt Disney was working at his Laugh-O-gram Films studio in Kansas City, Missouri. After making a few minor changes to his first major character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, the character of Mickey Mouse was born. Disney made history when he produced Steamboat Willie, the first cartoon animation with synchronized sound. Click here to watch Steamboat Willie for yourself.

who created fantasmagorie

From early depictions of movement on pottery to present day computer-generated imagery (CGI), it’s an understatement to say that animation has come a long way from its start. Don't forget to follow us on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter for more quick history. What “quick history” topic would you like to see us research and share next? Email us a topic to let us know!

Click here to email us

  • Prev Post Prev Post
  • Next Post Next Post

logo s

Who First Invented Animation?

Between February and May 1908 , Cohl created Fantasmagorie, considered the first fully animated film ever made.

What is the oldest animation?

Fantasmagorie is considered to be the oldest cartoon in the world. The very short animation is one of the earliest examples of traditional (hand-drawn) animation. It was created in 1908 by French cartoonist Émile Cohl.

What is the first year animation was used in films?

The first animated feature film is Walt Disney Studios’ Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs ( 1937 ).

Who is the most famous animator?

Walt Disney is no doubt the best known animator worldwide.

What are the 5 types of animation?

5 Forms of Animation

  • Traditional Animation.
  • 2D Animation.
  • 3D Animation.
  • Motion Graphics.
  • Stop Motion.

What was the 1st anime?

The first full-length anime film was Momotaro: Umi no Shinpei (Momotaro, Sacred Sailors) , released in 1945. A propaganda film commissioned by the Japanese navy featuring anthropomorphic animals, its underlying message of hope for peace would move a young manga artist named Osamu Tezuka to tears.

Who made anime?

The earliest examples of Japanese animation can be traced back to 1917. The defining characteristics of the anime art style we know today first emerged in the 1960s through the works of Osamu Tezuka .

Why do cartoons have 4 fingers?

Advertisement: Why do so many cartoon characters only have four fingers? Simple: a four-fingered hand is SO much easier to draw than a five-fingered hand . Plus, it simplifies the design of the hand in the same way the rest of the body is simplified.

What was the first ever cartoon?

Fantasmagorie , the world’s first fully animated cartoon, was released on Aug 17, 1908: Watch it here – Education Today News.

Who is the oldest cartoon character?

Here is a list of the oldest cartoon characters:

  • Felix the Cat. Felix the Cat dates from the Silent Film era and continues to be one of the most recognized cartoon characters in the world. …
  • Mickey Mouse. …
  • Donald Duck.

What are the qualities of an animator?

To become an Animator, you will need:

  • a creative mind and a strong visual imagination.
  • an eye for detail and good colour vision.
  • the ability to draw, make models and/or use computer graphics software.
  • patience and stamina – the work is painstakingly detailed and you may need to work long hours to meet deadlines.

What was the first cartoon with color?

‘Flip the Frog- Fiddlesticks ‘ became the world’s first coloured cartoon with synchronized sound in 1930.

What was the first animated short?

The first short comprised solely of animated images Emile Cohl’s “Fantasmagorie” premieres in Paris. “Humpty Dumpty Circus” marks the first use of stop-motion animation on film. Earl Hurd invents the process of cell animation, which would revolutionize and dominate the industry for much of the 20th century.

What’s the longest anime?

Adapted from the manga of the same name, Sazae-san is by far the longest-running anime series of all time, with over 2500 episodes to date.

Who is the strongest anime character?

These different approaches to heroes and villains create a vast array of the strongest anime characters.

  • 1 Saitama – One Punch Man.
  • 2 Zeno – Dragon Ball Super. …
  • 3 Kyubey – Madoka Magica. …
  • 4 Tetsuo Shima – Akira. …
  • 5 Kaguya Otsutsuki – Naruto. …
  • 6 Son Goku – Dragon Ball Super. …
  • 7 Simon – Gurren Lagann. …

How did anime get its name?

Anime (アニメ) is a word derived from “animation” and is used by Japanese people to refer to any animated drawings, no matter their country of origin.

Who brought American anime?

In 1960 Astro Boy was the first anime to be introduced to America by a man named Fred Ladd , who was just a producer at the time. Ladd, however, is the one to be credited for the introduction of anime to the states altogether, and not just for Astro Boy.

Who created Naruto anime?

At 34, Masashi Kishimoto is one of the most successful manga-ka, or manga artists, in the world. His long-running series about ninja-in-training Naruto Uzumaki has sold tens of millions of books around the world.

Who is the father of animation?

Émile Cohl was a French cartoonist and animator and is often referred to as “the father of the animated cartoon.” It is said that in 1907 the 50 year old Cohl was walking down the street and spotted a poster for a movie that had clearly been stolen from one of his comic strips.

Do animators have to draw every frame?

The animators don’t redraw everything for every frame . Instead, each frame is built from layers of drawings. … The cartoon characters are drawn on clear film, so the background shows through. The part of the character that is moving – the mouth, the arms – may also be drawn as a separate layer.

Is animation a good career?

Animation is a satisfying and lucrative profession and is attracting youngsters in droves towards it. Professionals new to this industry generally work in the capacity of junior animators in animation studios and production houses. The starting pay package of these animators can be in a range or Rs. 10,000 to Rs.

Who is the richest animator?

The World’s Richest Cartoonists

  • Matt Groening – $500 Million. …
  • Hanna-Barbera – $300 Million.
  • John Lasseter – $100 Million. …
  • Stephen Hillenburg – $90 Million. …
  • Tim Burton – $80 Million.
  • Mike Judge – $75 Million. …
  • Seth MacFarlane – $55 Million. …
  • Terry Gilliam – $40 Million.

Related Q&A:

© 2022 - 2023 Times Mojo - All Rights Reserved Home | About | Contact | Copyright | Report Content | Privacy | Cookie Policy | Terms & Conditions | Sitemap

  • Collections
  • Support PDR

Search The Public Domain Review

The Public Domain Review

Animated GIFs: Émile Cohl’s Fantasmagorie (1908)

A series of animated GIFs excerpted by Okkult Motion Pictures from the French caricaturist, cartoonist and animator Émile Cohl’s Fantasmagorie . Made in 1908, this hand-drawn animation is considered by many film historians to be the very first animated cartoon. Despite appearances it is not created on a blackboard but rather on paper, the blackboard effect achieved by shooting each of the 700 drawings onto negative film. The title is a reference to the “fantasmograph”, a mid-19th century variant of the magic lantern that projected ghostly images on to surrounding walls.

You can see the full film featured in our Films collection here .

Okkult Motion Pictures is the brainchild of Marco Calabrese and Alessandro Scali from Turin, Italy. With the Excerpts project, Okkult Motion Pictures aims to bring to light the most interesting and unusual out-of-copyright moving images occulted in Internet archives, through a series of animated gifs. A digital archivalism project for the diffusion of open knowledge. Okkult Motion Pictures official website / Twitter

All Okkult animated GIFs published here under a CC-BY-SA license .

Sep 26, 2013

  • Animated GIF

If You Liked This…

Hand holding envelope

Get Our Newsletter

Our latest content, your inbox, every fortnight


Prints for Your Walls

Explore our selection of fine art prints, all custom made to the highest standards, framed or unframed, and shipped to your door.

Start Exploring


{{ $localize("payment.title") }}

{{ $localize('payment.no_payment') }}

Pay by Credit Card

Pay with PayPal

{{ $localize('cart.summary') }}

Click for Delivery Estimates

Sorry, we cannot ship to P.O. Boxes.


  1. The first fully animated film ever, the 1908 “Fantasmagorie” was made

    who created fantasmagorie

  2. Fantasmagorie 1908, French Animated Silent Film by Émile Cohl, The

    who created fantasmagorie

  3. The first fully animated film ever, the 1908 “Fantasmagorie” was made

    who created fantasmagorie

  4. #DidYouKnow? In 1908, Emile Cohl created the first 2d animated video

    who created fantasmagorie

  5. Fantasmagorie (1908)

    who created fantasmagorie

  6. Emile Cohl

    who created fantasmagorie


  1. World's Oldest Cartoon

  2. The Drac Clan Channel All-Star Brawl

  3. me watching my old cartoons fantasmagorie 1908

  4. Fantasmagorie #SHORTS

  5. Orgue et Compagnies

  6. Lone Wolf Collab


  1. Fantasmagorie (film)

    Vulture. The next year, Cohl made Fantasmagorie, whose title is a reference to the "fantasmograph," a mid-19th-century variant of the magic lantern that projected ghostly images onto surrounding walls. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fantasmagorie (1908 film). Fantasmagorie at The Big Cartoon DataBase

  2. Fantasmagorie (1908) First Cartoon Ever

    ...more Watch live news from top networks Fantasmagorie is an 1908 French animated film by Émile Cohl. It is one of the earliest examples of traditional (hand-drawn) animation, and considered by...

  3. Émile Cohl's Fantasmagorie (1908)

    The title is a reference to the "fantasmograph", a mid-19th century variant of the magic lantern that projected ghostly images on to surrounding walls. Published Sep 26, 2013 Medium Film Genre Animation Type Clips Tags animation 14 early cartoon 5 Émile Cohl 2 early animation 3 animation 11 Source Internet Archive

  4. The first fully animated film ever, the 1908 "Fantasmagorie" was made


  5. Fantasmagorie: The 'Bob's Burgers' of 1908

    Fantasmagorie is a largely confusing series of frames. The video follows a stick man through his interactions with various morphing objects, such as an elephant that turns into a house. The artist ...

  6. Émile Cohl

    Émile Eugène Jean Louis Cohl ( French: [kol]; né Courtet; 4 January 1857 - 20 January 1938) was a French caricaturist of the Incoherent Movement, cartoonist, and animator, called "The Father of the Animated Cartoon". Biography Émile's father, Elie, was a rubber salesman, and his mother, Emilie Laure, a linen seamstress.

  7. Who Made the First Animated Movie?

    Animation Who Made the First Animated Movie? By: Debra Ronca | Updated: Feb 18, 2021 Although the characters in 1908's "Fantasmagorie" look like they are drawn on a chalkboard, they are actually line drawings printed in negative. Tetra Images/Getty Images

  8. Before Walt Disney: 5 Pioneers of Early Animation

    1. COHL: FANTASMAGORIE (1908) Enjoy a year of unlimited access to The Atlantic—including every story on our site and app, subscriber newsletters, and more. Become a Subscriber French cartoonist...

  9. Fantasmagorie : Émile Cohl : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming

    Fantasmagorie, history of animation, history, animation, silent film, animated, cartoon, Émile Cohl, Emile Cohl, Cohl. Wikipedia: Fantasmagorie is a 1908 French animated film by Émile Cohl. It is one of the earliest examples of traditional (hand-drawn) animation, and considered by film historians to be the first animated cartoon. Addeddate.

  10. History of animation

    Fantasmagorie (1908) ... was the only studio that found new success with short theatrical cartoon series after the 1950s. They created Pink Panther in 1963 for the opening and closing credits of the live-action The Pink Panther film series featuring Peter Sellers.

  11. Fantasmagorie: A Tale of the First Cartoon Ever

    Inkwell Shenanigans Of course, it would be a grave injustice, not to mention the painstaking process Cohl undertook to create Fantasmagorie.

  12. Fantasmagorie, the world's first fully animated cartoon, was released

    Sikkim Canada The hat scene In a stream of consciousness style, Cohl's hand sketching the characters is also included in some of the frames. Cohl's hand seen in the movie The film ends with the protagonist riding off on horseback to the left of the screen. The ending scene

  13. Quick History: Early Animation

    Home Blog Quick History: Early Animation Quick History: Early Animation January 28, 2021 } Today in history, January 29, 1892, animator Walt Disney started work as an artist with the Kansas City Slide Company for $40 a week. Many believe that the history of animation begins and ends with Walt Disney.

  14. Fantasmagorie (A Fantasy , Metamorphosis) (1908) Theatrical Cartoon

    Production Information about Fantasmagorie (A Fantasy , Metamorphosis), produced by Gaumont Studios. Émil Cohl Episode Guides, Cartoon Characters and Crew Lists ... Fully animated with no live action, generally considered to be the first fully-animated film. Created from over 700 drawings, Cohl placed each drawing on an illuminated glass plate ...

  15. 5 Pioneers of Early Animation Who Influenced the Future of Film

    Co-founder of Vitagraph Studios, James Stuart Blackton was one of the first artists to use the stop-motion technique with his film, The Humpty Dumpty Circus (1898). Together with his partner Albert E. Smith, he used his daughter's toys to create the illusion of a circus of acrobats and animals in motion.

  16. cinema history

    I am reading a book about film history that says that Fantasmagorie (1908) was the first animated cartoon. Coincidentally, I stumbled upon Pauvre Pierrot which is an animated cartoon from 1882. Not only that this movie appeared 16 years earlier, it is also longer (originally fifteen minutes vs. less than two minutes) and seems more sophisticated to me (coloured paintings vs. b/w stick figures).

  17. A History of Animation styles through the ages

    Photo by Fantasmagorie (1908) —Émile Cohl ‍ Fantasmagorie - 1908. However, while Blackton came up with the idea and concept, it was Emile Cohl, the French cartoonist who created the first fully animated movie Fantasmagorie in 1908 that premiered in Paris. If you are curious, you can find the video on YouTube.

  18. Fantasmagorie

    Fantasmagorie may refer to: . Fantasmagorie, a 1908 French short film, an early piece of animation; Fantasmagorie, a 2006 album by the Polish band Akurat; See also. Phantasmagoria, a form of illusion performance and horror theatre using magic lanterns; Phantasmagoria (disambiguation) Phantasm (disambiguation) Fantasmagoria, an Argentinian rock band

  19. Phantasmagoria

    Phantasmagoria - Wikipedia Jump to content Main menu Main menu move to sidebarhide Navigation Main page Contents Current events Random article About Wikipedia Contact us Donate Contribute Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file Languages Language links are at the top of the page across from the title. Search Search

  20. Who first invented animation?

    Between February and May 1908, Cohl created Fantasmagorie, considered the first fully animated film ever made. What is the oldest animation? Fantasmagorie is considered to be the oldest cartoon in the world. The very short animation is one of the earliest examples of traditional (hand-drawn) animation.

  21. Robertson's Fantastic Phantasmagoria, An 18th Century Spectacle of

    A sketch by Robertson for a performance called "Dance of the Sorcerers" (via skullinthestars ) And Paris loved it, as did the world he traveled with his horror show, although the authorities at...

  22. Fantasmagoriana

    Fantasmagoriana is a French anthology of German ghost stories, translated anonymously by Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès and published in 1812. Most of the stories are from the first two volumes of Johann August Apel and Friedrich Laun's Gespensterbuch (1810-1811), with other stories by Johann Karl August Musäus and Heinrich Clauren.. It was read by Lord Byron, Mary Shelley, Percy Bysshe ...

  23. Animated GIFs: Émile Cohl's Fantasmagorie (1908)

    A series of animated GIFs excerpted by Okkult Motion Pictures from the French caricaturist, cartoonist and animator Émile Cohl's Fantasmagorie. Made in 1908, this hand-drawn animation is considered by many film historians to be the very first animated cartoon. Despite appearances it is not created on a blackboard but rather on paper, the ...